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from veer66

(Posted on 2022-05-10)

I try to convert C-style for-loop in JS to Common Lisp's loop macro for a learning purpose.

for (i=0; i<10; i++) {

Above JS code can be converted to:

(loop with i = 0
      unless (< i 10) return nil
      do (print i)
      do (incf i))

And, of course, the version below is more appropriate.

(loop for i from 0 below 10 do
    (print i))

The first version looks more flexible in applying to another problem than the last one.


from veer66

(Posted on 2022-05-09)

In static1.lisp:

(defpackage static1 
 (:use #:cl)) 
(in-package :static1) 

(declaim (ftype (function (string string) string) concat-strings)) 
(defun concat-strings (a b)
  (format nil "~A --- ~A" a b)) 

(declaim (ftype (function (fixnum fixnum) string) concat-nums)) 
(defun concat-nums (a b)
  (concat-strings a b))

Then I ran this command:

sbcl --noinform --eval '(compile-file "static1.lisp")' --quit

SBCL showed this warning:

; caught WARNING: 
;  Derived type of STATIC1::A is 
;  conflicting with its asserted type 
;    STRING. 
;  See also: 
;    The SBCL Manual, Node "Handling of Types"

So SBCL – a Common Lisp implementation, can check type in compile-time. Anyway, a programmer needs to read warnings.


from veer66

(Posted on 2022-04-25)

Last week, I watched a video about coding and Docker configuration on a TV. I couldn't read any line of code. Then I thought about visually impaired people. How do they code? Every student in Thailand must learn to code. I presume the situation is similar in every country.

People widely use text-to-speech services these days. I cannot find any text-to-speech service for reading source code aloud. Let's assume we have a modified version of a text-to-speech service.

So I looked at source codes in different programming languages on the CodeRosetta website. I perceive Python code blocks by their visual structure purely. To read Python source code, I have to encode its visual structure, namely indents to sounds. Reading a nested code block won't be easy to understand. For example, reading twelve leading white spaces aloud will be very strange. In Lisp, reading open parenthesis and close parenthesis is more straightforward, but I will forget which parenthesis. So the best form of code blocks is in QuickBasic, which has different keywords between different kinds of blocks. For example, FOR with NEXT, and IF with END IF. Later I got a comment from Lemmy.ml, which told me that Ada also has different keywords between different kinds of blocks. Another idea from Lemmy.ml is the reader must convert the Python code block into a similar form as Ada or QuickBasic before reading.

MBasic refers to code by line numbers instead of code blocks. However, by listening to five lines, I forgot the line number. For example, when I heard gosub 70, I forgot what was at line 70.

In X86 Assembly, a programmer labels only the line that the program will jump to it. So X86 Assembly code looks much better than MBasic.

Still, coding in X86 Assembly can be exhaustive in many cases. For example, X86 Assembly doesn’t support recursion. Writing quick sort in X86 Assembly can be too difficult for learning to code.

Haskell doesn’t rely on code blocks. However, reading the symbols, for example, >>= is challenging. Prolog’s symbols are easy to read. For example, we can read :– as IF. Anyway, the Prolog programming paradigm is different from the mainstream one now. So Erlang, whose syntax is similar to Prolog, is a more practical alternative.

In brief, Erlang is a practical, less visual-centric program language. Because it mostly relies on names instead of code blocks, reading names aloud is much easier than reading code blocks aloud. Furthermore, the Erlang programming paradigm is more mainstream now.


from veer66

(Posted on 2022-04-20)

According to this thread, I compared using only lazy sequences with transducers.

To add the I/O factor, I prepared a data file called “fake.txt” using the program below:

(with-open [w (io/writer "fake.txt")]
  (doseq [n (range 10000000)]
    (.write w (str n "\n"))))

F1 is the lazy-sequence-based version. It reads data from “fake.txt” and does a few steps of computations.

(defn f1
  (with-open [r (io/reader "fake.txt")]
    (->> (line-seq r)
         (map parse-long)
         (map inc)
         (filter even?)
         (map inc)
         (reduce + 0))))

F2 is the transducer-based version of F1.

(defn f2
  (with-open [r (io/reader "fake.txt")]
    (transduce (comp (map parse-long)
                     (map inc)
                     (filter even?)
                     (map inc))
               (line-seq r))))

I evaluated them using Criterium.

(with-progress-reporting (quick-bench (f1) :verbose))
(with-progress-reporting (quick-bench (f2) :verbose))

Here is the result.

#################### F1 ###################
Evaluation count : 6 in 6 samples of 1 calls.
Execution time sample mean : 3.811858 sec
Execution time mean : 3.812064 sec

#################### F2 ###################
Evaluation count : 6 in 6 samples of 1 calls.
Execution time sample mean : 1.490624 sec
Execution time mean : 1.490777 sec

F1, which is the lazy sequence version, took 3.812064 seconds. F2, which is the transducer version, took 1.490777. So the transducer version is 155.71% faster than the lazy sequence version.

In brief, this biased experiment shows the transducer version is much faster than the pure lazy sequence version.


from auctor

Free Lunch

This is a list of free Windows software for normal users. It will be updated from time to time.

Please note the following points:

  • This list contains the great built-in apps in Windows.
  • Strikethrough text is used to show that something is not recommended. These apps aren't private or reliable enough compared to similar apps, although they are cool!
  • Some apps could possibly infringe copyright or other laws.
  • Microsoft Store Apps may not have all the features of Desktop Apps.
  • microsoft store – Microsoft Store
  • repository – Repository
  • openOpen Source license compliant




Audio Editors

  • Audacity – An easy-to-use, multi-track audio editor and recorder. repo open
  • AudioMass – Free full-featured web-based audio & waveform editing tool. repo
  • Tenacity – An easy-to-use, privacy-friendly, FLOSS, cross-platform multi-track audio editor/recorder. repo open
  • fre:ac – A free audio converter and CD ripper with support for various popular formats and encoders. repo store open

Audio Players

  • AIMP – A full-featured music player. store
  • DeaDBeeF – A modular cross-platform audio player. repo
  • Dopamine – An elegant audio player which tries to make organizing and listening to music as simple and pretty as possible. repo open
  • foobar2000 – An advanced freeware audio player. store
  • Harmonoid – Elegant music app to play & manage music library. repo
  • Museeks – A simple, clean and cross-platform music player. repo open
  • MusicBee – A music manager and player. store
  • Strawberry Music Player – A music player and music collection organizer. repo open
  • Tauon Music Box – The desktop music player from the future! repo open
  • CPOD – A simple, beautiful podcast app. open

Music Production

  • AudioStellar – Open source data-driven musical instrument for latent sound structure discovery and music experimentation. repo open
  • BeepBox – An online tool for sketching and sharing instrumental melodies. repo open
  • Bespoke Synth – Bespoke is a software modular synthesizer. repo open
  • Helio Workstation – One music sequencer for all major platforms, desktop and mobile. repo open
  • Jamulus – A networked music performance software allowing musicians to rehearse, perform and play in real-time. repo
  • LMMS – Cross-platform music production software. repo open
  • Mixxx – Free DJ software that gives you everything you need to perform live mixes. repo
  • MuseScore – Create, playback, and print sheet music for free. repo store
  • OpenMPT (ModPlug Tracker) – Sample-based music production program in the style of trackers such as Impulse Tracker and FastTracker. repo open
  • Sonic Pi – A code-based music creation and performance tool. repo open

Music Streaming

  • Cider – An open source and community oriented Apple Music client. repo open
  • Lofi – A mini Spotify player with WebGL visualizations. repo open
  • nuclear – Streaming music player that finds free music for you. repo open
  • Spotube – A lightweight free Spotify crossplatform-client which handles playback manually, streams music using Youtube & no Spotify premium account is needed. repo
  • YouTube Music Desktop App – A Desktop App for YouTube Music. repo

Music Tag Editors

  • Kid3 – An open-source cross-platform audio tag editor for many audio file formats. repo open
  • Mp3tag – A powerful and easy-to-use tool to edit metadata of audio files. store
  • MusicBrainz Picard – An open-source cross-platform music tagger. repo store open
  • OneTagger – The ultimate music tagger for DJs. repo open

Sound Equalizers

Volume Control

  • EarTrumpet – A powerful volume control app for Windows. repo store open
  • SoundSwitch – SoundSwitch offers you the opportunity to switch your playback and recording devices using simple hotkeys. repo open
  • Volumey – Volume mixer that allows you to set up global hotkeys to control your Windows audio system. store open
  • WinMute – WinMute can automatically mute all sound devices on your PC. open


  • AirConnect – Use AirPlay to stream to UPnP/Sonos & Chromecast devices.
  • AirPodsDesktop – AirPods desktop user experience enhancement program. open
  • Audio Band – Display and control songs from the Windows taskbar. open
  • AudioPlaybackConnector – Bluetooth audio playback (A2DP Sink) connector for Windows 10 2004+. open
  • Buzz – Transcribe and translate audio offline on your personal computer. open
  • Carla – A fully-featured audio plugin host, with support for many audio drivers and plugin formats. repo open
  • Figaro – Real-time open-source voice modification program & sound board. open
  • Friture – An application to visualize and analyze live audio data in real-time. store open
  • Mechvibes – Adds sound feedback any keyboard. repo
  • MicMute – Control your microphone using keyboard and mouse hotkeys.
  • Neothesia – Flashy Synthesia Like Software For Linux, Windows and macOS. open
  • Piano Trainer – A music practice program w/ MIDI support. repo open
  • projectM – The most advanced open-source music visualizer. store
  • Real-time Noise Suppression Plugin – Noise suppression plugin based on Xiph's RNNoise. open
  • Sonic Visualiser – Visualisation, analysis, and annotation of music audio recordings. repo open
  • SonoBus – A real-time network audio streaming collaboration tool. repo open
  • Soundux – A cross-platform soundboard that features a simple user interface. repo open
  • Spek – Free Acoustic Spectrum Analyser. repo open
  • SpleeterGUI – Music source separation desktop app. open
  • Sunamu – Show your currently playing song in a stylish way! open
  • swyh-rs – Stream What You Hear written in rust, inspired by SWYH. open
  • VB-CABLE – VB-CABLE is a virtual audio device working as virtual audio cable.

Backup and Sync

Cloud Storage

  • Nextcloud – A suite of client-server software for creating and using file hosting services. repo
  • MEGA – A secure, user-controlled end-to-end encrypted cloud storage and communications service with 20 GB free storage space. repo
  • Sync – A file storage and document collaboration platform.
  • Tresorit – Tresorit is the ultra-secure place in the cloud to store, sync, and share files within your organization and with external partners.
  • Internxt Drive – A zero-knowledge cloud storage service based on best-in-class privacy and security. repo


  • Cyberduck – A libre FTP, SFTP, WebDAV, S3, Backblaze B2, Azure & OpenStack Swift browser. repo open
  • Duplicacy – A new generation cloud backup tool. repo
  • Duplicati – Store securely encrypted backups in the cloud! open
  • FreeFileSync – Folder comparison and synchronization software that creates and manages backup copies of all your important files.
  • Kopia – A simple, cross-platform tool for managing encrypted backups in the cloud. repo open
  • Rclone – A command-line program to sync files and directories to and from different cloud storage providers. repo open
  • restic – Fast, secure, efficient backup program. repo open
  • Syncthing – A continuous file synchronization program. repo open
  • ChoEazyCopy – Simple and powerful RoboCopy GUI. open
  • Ultracopier – Ultracopier acts as a replacement for files copy dialogs. repo open
  • Ludusavi – A tool for backing up your PC video game save data. open

Browsers and Extensions


  • Brave – A fast, private and secure web browser. repo store open
  • Chromium – The free and open-source project behind Google Chrome. repo open
  • Firefox – Get the browser that protects what’s important. store open
  • LibreWolf – A fork of Firefox, focused on privacy, security and freedom. repo open
  • Tor Browser – A web broswer that anonymizes your web traffic using the Tor network. repo
  • Min – A fast, minimal browser that protects your privacy. repo


New Tab Page

  • Mue – Fast, open and free-to-use new tab page for modern browsers. repo open
  • nightTab – A neutral new tab page accented with a chosen colour. repo open
  • Tabliss – A beautiful, customisable New Tab page for Firefox and Chrome. repo open

Privacy Extensions

  • AdNauseam – Fight back against advertising surveillance. repo open
  • ClearURLs – This extension will automatically remove tracking elements from URLs to help protect your privacy when browsing the Internet. repo open
  • FastForward – FastForward automatically skips annoying link shorteners. repo
  • LibRedirect – A web extension that redirects popular sites to alternative privacy-friendly frontends and backends. repo open
  • LocalCDN – A web browser extension that emulates Content Delivery Networks to improve your online privacy. repo open
  • Mailvelope – Browser extension for OpenPGP encryption with Webmail. open
  • uBlock Origin – An efficient blocker for Chromium and Firefox. Fast and lean. open

Sync Bookmarks

  • Floccus – Sync your bookmarks privately across browsers. repo open
  • xBrowserSync – Free and open source tool for syncing your browser data between browsers and devices whilst maintaining your privacy and anonymity. repo open


  • Automa – A chrome extension for automating your browser by connecting blocks. repo
  • BetterViewer – A replacement for the image viewing mode built into Firefox and Chrome-based web browsers. open
  • Bypass Paywalls – A web browser extension to help bypass paywalls for selected sites.
  • Dark Reader – Dark Reader analyzes web pages and aims to reduce eyestrain while browsing the web. repo open
  • Gesturefy – A customizable Firefox mouse gesture add-on with a variety of different commands. open
  • Marinara – A time management assistant for Chrome that follows the Pomodoro Technique. open
  • Omni – The all-in-one tool to supercharge your productivity keyboard. open
  • Read Aloud – A Text to Speech Voice Reader extension for your browser! repo open
  • Screenity – The most powerful screen recorder & annotation tool for Chrome. open
  • Search by Image – A browser extension that makes effortless reverse image searches possible, and comes with support for more than 30 search engines. open
  • Translate Web Pages – Translate your page in real time using Google or Yandex. open
  • uBlacklist – Blocks specific sites from appearing in Google search results. repo open
  • Unclutter – A modern reader mode and article library for your browser. repo open
  • Violentmonkey – An open source userscript manager. repo open
  • Web Scrobbler – Web Scrobbler helps online music listeners to scrobble their playback history. repo open



  • Protonmail – An email provider/service that respects privacy and puts people first. repo
  • Tutanota – A secure email service. repo open
  • Delta Chat – Chat over e-mail. repo store open
  • Mailspring – A beautiful, fast and fully open source mail client. repo open
  • Thunderbird – A free email application that’s easy to set up and customize. open
  • AnonAddy – Anonymous Email Forwarding. repo open
  • SimpleLogin – Receive and send emails anonymously. repo open
  • Burner.kiwi – No bullshit temporary mail service written in Go. repo open
  • Guerrilla Mail – A disposable email.
  • MailDrop – A quick, disposable email. repo open


  • Element – Secure and independent communication, connected via Matrix. repo open
  • Session – An end-to-end encrypted messenger. repo open
  • Signal – A messaging app with an unexpected focus on privacy, combined with all the features expected from a modern IM app. repo open
  • Ferdium – A desktop app that helps you organize how you use your favourite apps by combining them into one application. repo open
  • Hamsket – Free messaging and emailing app that combines common web applications into one. open
  • Jitsi Meet – Free Jitsi Meet instance, provising state-of-the-art video conferencing. repo
  • Revolt – User-first chat platform built with modern web technologies. repo

Social Media

  • Glimesh – A next generation live streaming platform built by the community, for the community. repo
  • LBRY – A decentralized video sharing network. repo
  • PeerTube – A free, decentralized and federated video platform. repo open
  • Lemmy – A link aggregator / Reddit clone for the fediverse. repo open
  • Mastodon – Globally interconnected microblogging community. repo open
  • WriteFreely – A clean, simple publishing platform made for writers. repo open


Statistical Analysis

  • GNU PSPP – A program for statistical analysis of sampled data. It is a free as in freedom replacement for the proprietary program SPSS. open
  • gretl – A cross-platform software package for econometric analysis, written in the C programming language. repo open
  • jamovi – A free and open statistics package, which is easy to use, and designed to be familiar to users of SPSS. repo open
  • JASP – JASP is an open-source statistics program that is free, friendly, and flexible. repo open
  • RStudio – RStudio provides open source and enterprise-ready professional software for data science. repo open

Terminal Emulators

  • Fluent Terminal – A Terminal Emulator based on UWP and web technologies. store open
  • PowerShell – A task-based command-line shell and scripting language built on .NET. repo store
  • Tabby – A highly configurable terminal emulator, SSH and serial client. repo open
  • WindTerm – A professional cross-platform SSH/Sftp/Shell/Telnet/Serial terminal. repo
  • Windows Terminal – A modern, fast, efficient, powerful, and productive terminal application for users of command-line tools and shells like Command Prompt, PowerShell, and WSL.

Text Editors

  • Brackets – Brackets is a modern text editor that makes it easy to design in the browser. repo
  • GNU Emacs – An extensible, customizable, free/libre text editor — and more. repo open
  • Kate – A multi-document text editor. store
  • Lapce – Lightning-fast and Powerful Code Editor written in Rust. repo open
  • Lite XL – A lightweight text editor written in Lua. repo open
  • Notepad++ – A free source code editor and Notepad replacement that supports several languages. repo open
  • Notepads – A modern, lightweight text editor with a minimalist design. repo store open
  • Visual Studio Code – A free, lightweight, and extensible code editor. repo store open
  • VSCodium – A community-driven, freely-licensed binary distribution of Microsoft’s editor VS Code. repo open


  • adb – A programming tool used for the debugging of Android-based devices.
  • DevToys – A Swiss Army knife for developers. repo store open
  • massCode – A free and open source code snippets manager for developers. repo
  • WinMerge – An Open Source differencing and merging tool for Windows. repo open
  • freeCodeCamp.org – Learn to code for free with millions of other people around the world. repo
  • The Odin Project – An open-source curriculum for learning full-stack web development. repo


Download Managers

  • AriaNg-Native – A better aria2 desktop frontend than AriaNg, containing all features of AriaNg and more features for desktop. repo open
  • Free Download Manager – A powerful modern download accelerator and organizer.
  • JDownloader – A free, open-source download management tool.
  • Motrix – A full-featured download manager. repo open
  • Persepolis – A download manager & a GUI for Aria2. repo open
  • XDM – Powerfull download accelerator and video downloader. repo open

Media Downloaders

  • Streamlink – A CLI utility which pipes video streams from various services into a video player. repo open
  • Lux – A fast and simple video downloader built with Go. open
  • You-Get – A tiny command-line utility to download media contents (videos, audios, images) from the Web. repo open
  • youtube-dl – Command-line program to download videos from YouTube.com and other video sites. repo
  • YT-DLP – A youtube-dl fork with additional features and fixes.
  • Hitomi Downloader – Desktop utility to download images/videos/music/text from various websites, and more.
  • Media Downloader – A Qt/C++ front end to youtube-dl.
  • Open Video Downloader – A cross-platform GUI for youtube-dl made in Electron and node.js. repo store open
  • Tartube – A GUI front-end for youtube-dl. open
  • Video Downloader – A video and channel downloader that supports 110 websites.
  • YoutubeDownloader – An application that lets you download videos from YouTube. open
  • gallery-dl – Command-line program to download image galleries and collections from several image hosting sites. open
  • HakuNeko – A cross-platform downloader for manga and anime from various websites. repo
  • N_m3u8DL-CLI – A command line tool for downloading m3u8. repo open
  • SpotiFlyer – Kotlin Multiplatform Music Downloader ,supports Spotify, Youtube, Gaana, Jio-Saavn and SoundCloud. open
  • Twitch Leecher – An extremely fast and easy to use Twitch VOD downloader. open
  • AllTube Download – Web GUI for youtube-dl. repo open
  • Ytmdl – A simple app to get songs from YouTube in mp3 format with artist name, album name etc from sources like iTunes, Spotify, LastFM, Deezer, Gaana etc. repo open

Torrent Clients

  • Instant.io – Streaming file transfer over WebTorrent (torrents on the web). repo open
  • PicoTorrent – A tiny and minimal BitTorrent client. repo
  • qBittorrent – qBittorrent aims to be a good alternative to all other bittorrent clients out there. repo open
  • Transmission – A fast, easy, and free BitTorrent client. repo
  • WebTorrent – The streaming torrent app. repo open


  • Anki – Powerful, intelligent flash cards. repo open
  • Avogadro – An advanced molecular editor designed for cross-platform use in computational chemistry, molecular modeling, bioinformatics, materials science, and related areas. repo open
  • BOINC – Open-source software for volunteer computing and grid computing. repo open
  • GCompris – A high quality educational software suite. store
  • GeoGebra – Free digital tools for class activities, graphing, geometry, collaborative whiteboard and more. repo
  • GNU Octave – A programming language for scientific computing.
  • Gramps – Research, organize and share your family tree with Gramps.
  • Orange Data Mining – A data mining and visualization toolbox for novice and expert alike. repo open
  • Qalculate! – A multi-purpose cross-platform desktop calculator. repo open
  • Scilab – Open source software for numerical computation. repo open
  • Scratch – With Scratch, you can program your own interactive stories, games, and animations. store
  • Tabby– Simple timetable desktop app to track your school schedule. open
  • LanguageTool – Checks your writing in more than 20 languages. repo open
  • Crow Translate – A simple and lightweight translator. repo open
  • DeepL Translator – A neural machine translation service.
  • Lingva Translate – Alternative front-end for Google Translate. repo open
  • JabRef – An open-source, cross-platform citation and reference management tool. repo open
  • Qiqqa – A free research and reference manager. repo open
  • Zotero – A free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources. repo open
  • ZoteroBib – ZoteroBib helps you build a bibliography instantly from any computer or device.
  • Coursera – Free and paid courses on a wide variety of subjects from scholastic to technical and more.
  • edX – Free online courses by Harvard, MIT.
  • Khan Academy – A personalized learning resource for all ages.

File Management

Duplicate File Finders

  • Czkawka – Multi functional app to find duplicates, empty folders, similar images etc.
  • dupeGuru – A cross-platform GUI tool to find duplicate files in a system. repo open
  • Video Duplicate Finder – A cross-platform software to find duplicated video (and image) files on hard disk based on similiarity.

File Converters

  • Convertio – Easy tool to convert files online.
  • Dangerzone – Take potentially dangerous PDFs, office documents, or images and convert them to a safe PDF. repo open
  • File Converter – A very simple tool which allows you to convert and compress one or several file(s) using the context menu of windows explorer. repo open
  • Pandoc – Universal markup converter. repo

File Managers

  • 7-Zip – A file archiver with a high compression ratio.
  • NanaZip – The 7-Zip derivative intended for the modern Windows experience. store
  • PeaZip – A free file manager and file archiver. repo open
  • Double Commander – A free cross platform open source file manager with two panels side by side. repo
  • Far Manager – A program for managing files and archives in Windows operating systems. repo open
  • Files – A modern file manager. repo store open
  • Sigma File Manager – A free, open-source, quickly evolving, modern file manager app.
  • Xplorer – A customizable, modern and cross-platform File Explorer. repo open

File Renamers

  • Ant Renamer – A free program that makes easier the renaming of lots of files and folders by using specified settings.
  • File Renamer Diff – A File Renamer App featuring a difference display before and after the change for Windows. store open
  • Szyszka – A simple but powerful and fast bulk file renamer. open

File Sharing

  • SFTPGo – Fully featured and highly configurable SFTP server with optional HTTP/S, FTP/S and WebDAV support. open
  • WinSCP – A popular free SFTP and FTP client for Windows. repo open
  • OpenSSH – Windows Optional Features. OpenSSH is a complete implementation of the SSH protocol (version 2) for secure remote login, command execution and file transfer.
  • Flying Carpet – Wireless, encrypted file transfer over automatically configured ad hoc networking. open
  • LANDrop – A cross-platform tool that you can use to conveniently transfer photos, videos, and other types of files to other devices on the same local network. repo
  • miniserve – A CLI tool to serve files and dirs over HTTP. open
  • Sharik – An open-source, cross-platform solution for sharing files via Wi-Fi or Mobile Hotspot. store open
  • Winpinator – Send and receive files across a local network. repo open
  • croc – A CLI file-transfer tool. repo open
  • OnionShare – An open source tool that lets you securely and anonymously share files, host websites, and chat with friends using the Tor network. repo
  • Magic Wormhole – Get things from one computer to another, safely. open
  • RiftShare – Easy, Secure, and Free file sharing for everyone. repo store open
  • Rymdport – A GUI for the Magic Wormhole. open
  • FileSend – Simple, encrypted file sharing. repo open
  • Lufi – Anonymous file sharing services with temporary storage. repo open
  • Send – Simple, private file sharing. repo open
  • Tresorit Send – Send big files up to 5 GB securely.
  • Wormhole – Simple, private file sharing.
  • SwissTransfer – Send files up to 50 GB free of charge.
  • pic.infini – A free and anonymous image hosting service.
  • Blaze – A P2P file sharing web app. repo open
  • FilePizza – Peer-to-peer file transfers in your browser. repo
  • ShareDrop – Easy P2P file transfer powered by WebRTC. repo open
  • Snapdrop – A Progressive Web App for local file sharing. repo open
  • libcimbar – Optimized implementation for color-icon-matrix barcodes. repo open

Games and Tools

Game Launchers

  • Heroic Games Launcher – A Native GOG and Epic Games Launcher for Linux, Windows and Mac. repo open
  • Nostlan – Nostlan is a game launcher for emulators! repo open
  • Pegasus – A cross platform, customizable graphical frontend for launching emulators and managing your game collection. repo open
  • Playnite – An open source video game library manager and launcher with support for 3rd party libraries like Steam, GOG, Origin, Battle.net and Uplay. repo open
  • RetroArch – A frontend for emulators, game engines and media players. repo open

Game Stores

  • GOG GALAXY – Truly gamer friendly, DRM-free online gaming platform.
  • itch.io – An online game marketplace and community. repo open


  • 0 A.D. – A free, open-source game of ancient warfare.
  • Cataclysm: Dark Days Ahead – A turn-based survival game set in a post-apocalyptic world. repo
  • Cockatrice – A cross-platform virtual tabletop for multiplayer card games. repo open
  • Endless Sky – A space exploration and combat game similar to Escape Velocity. repo open
  • FlightGear – An open-source flight simulator.
  • Lichess – The complete chess experience, play and compete with friends and others around the world. repo
  • Mindustry – A sandbox tower defense game written in Java. repo open
  • Minetest – An open source voxel game engine. repo
  • OpenTDD – OpenTTD is a business simulation game in which players try to earn money by transporting passengers and freight via road, rail, water and air. repo open
  • osu! – A free-to-win rhythm game. Rhythm is just a click away! repo open
  • Rigs of Rods – An open-source soft-body vehicle simulator. repo open
  • SuperTuxKart – A free kart racing game. repo
  • Thrive – A free, open-source game about the evolution of life. repo
  • Unciv – Open-source Android/Desktop remake of Civ V. open
  • Warzone 2100 – A ground-breaking and innovative 3D real-time strategy game. repo
  • Wesnoth – An open source, turn-based strategy game with a high fantasy theme. repo open
  • Widelands – A free, open source real-time strategy game with singleplayer campaigns and a multiplayer mode. repo open
  • Xonotic – An addictive, arena-style first person shooter with crisp movement and a wide array of weapons.

Gaming Utilities

  • AntiMicroX – Graphical program used to map keyboard buttons and mouse controls to a gamepad. open
  • CrossOver – A Crosshair Overlay for any screen. repo store


2D and 3D

  • Enve – Open-source 2D animation software. repo open
  • OpenToonz – An open-source full-featured 2D animation creation software. repo
  • Pencil2D – An easy, intuitive tool to make 2D hand-drawn animations. repo open
  • Seamly2D – Open source patternmaking software. open
  • Synfig Studio – A free and open-source 2D animation software. repo open
  • Wick Editor – A free and open-source tool for creating games, animations and everything in-between! repo open
  • Blender – Free and Open Source 3D creation suite. repo store open
  • Blockbench – A low poly 3D model editor. repo open
  • F3D – A fast and minimalist 3D viewer. repo open
  • FreeCAD – An open-source parametric 3D modeler made primarily to design real-life objects of any size. repo open
  • MeshLab – The open source mesh processing system. repo open
  • OpenSCAD – The Programmers Solid 3D CAD Modeller. repo open
  • Sweet Home 3D – A free interior design application which helps you draw the plan of your house, arrange furniture on it and visit the results in 3D.

Design Tools

  • Design Editor – An open source graphic editor. repo open
  • Motionity – The web-based motion graphics editor for everyone. repo open
  • Penpot – The Open-Source design & prototyping platform. repo open
  • Polotno Studio – Free online design editor. repo
  • Screenshot.rocks – An online tool which allows you to create beautiful mobile & browser mockups from screenshots. repo open

Digital Painting

  • AutoDraw – An intuitive drawing tool for everyone.
  • Drawpile – A collaborative drawing program. repo open
  • FotoSketcher – Turn your photos into beautiful paintings, sketches or drawings in seconds.
  • Inkscape – A free and open-source vector graphics editor. repo store open
  • Krita – A free and open source digital painting application. repo
  • Milton – A free and open-source infinite canvas paint program. repo open
  • Pinta – A free, open source program for drawing and image editing. repo
  • tldraw – A tiny little drawing app. repo open

Image Editors

  • Converseen – A batch image converter and resizer. repo open
  • GIMP – A cross-platform image editor. repo store open
  • PhotoGIMP – A patch for optimizing GIMP 2.10+ for Adobe Photoshop users. open
  • ImageMagick – A software suite to create, edit, and compose bitmap images. repo
  • Paint.NET – Free image and photo editing software.
  • PhotoDemon – A portable photo editor. repo
  • Pixelitor – A desktop image editor. repo open
  • miniPaint – Online image editor lets you create, edit images using HTML5 technologies. repo
  • Photopea – Online photo editor.
  • darktable – An open source photography workflow application and raw developer. repo open
  • digiKam – An advanced digital photo management application. repo
  • Filmulator – Simplified raw editing with the power of film. repo open
  • RawTherapee – A powerful cross-platform raw photo processing program. repo open

Image Optimizers

  • Caesium Image Compressor – An image compression web app.
  • Caesium – A cross-platform image compression software. repo open
  • Imagine – A desktop app for compression of PNG and JPEG, with a modern and friendly UI. open
  • Squoosh – An image compression web app that reduces image sizes through numerous formats. repo open

Image Viewers

  • ImageGlass – A lightweight, versatile image viewer. repo open
  • IrfanView – A very fast, compact and innovative FREEWARE image viewer/converter. store
  • JPEGView – A lean, fast and highly configurable viewer/editor for JPEG, BMP, PNG, WEBP, TGA, GIF and TIFF images with a minimal GUI. open
  • NeeView – A Free and Open Source, modern and powerful image viewer and a manga/comic reader. store open
  • Quick Picture Viewer – Lightweight, versatile desktop image viewer. repo store open
  • nomacs – A free, open source image viewer. repo open
  • qView – Practical and minimal image viewer. repo open
  • qimgv – Image viewer. Fast, easy to use. open


  • Capture2Text – Quickly OCR part of the screen and save resulting text to clipboard. open
  • gImageReader – A simple Gtk/Qt front-end to tesseract-ocr. open
  • NormCap – OCR powered screen-capture tool to capture information instead of images. repo
  • Paperwork – Paperwork is a personal document manager. It manages scanned documents and PDFs. repo open
  • Text Grab – A quick app to grab any on screen text using the Optical Character Recognition (OCR) built into Windows 10. open

Pixel Editors

  • LibreSprite – A free and open source program for creating and animating your sprites. repo open
  • Piskel – A simple web-based tool for Spriting and Pixel art. repo open
  • Pixelorama – A free & open-source 2D sprite editor. repo open
  • PixiEditor – A lightweight pixel art editor. repo store open
  • Shape Shifter – A web-app that simplifies the creation of icon animations for Android, iOS, and the web. repo open

Remove Image Background

  • BackgroundRemover – A free web application that lets you Remove Background from images and video. repo open
  • BgSub – A website that uses AI technology to automatically remove or replace image backgrounds.
  • Cleanup.Picture – A free web application that lets you quickly cleanup or remove objects in any image.
  • Lama Cleaner – Image inpainting tool powered by SOTA AI Model. open
  • Rembg – A command line tool to remove images background. open
  • Remove.bg – Remove background from images 100% automatically in 5 seconds without a single click.

Screen Recorders

  • Captura – Capture Screen, Audio, Cursor, Mouse Clicks and Keystrokes. repo open
  • Fluent Screen Recorder – A simple screen recorder built with UWP and featuring Fluent Design. store open
  • OBS Studio – Free and open source software for live streaming and screen recording. repo store open
  • ScreenREC – A really simple web screen recorder. repo open
  • ScreenToGif – Screen, webcam, and board recorder with an integrated editor. repo store open
  • ShareX – A free and open source program that lets you capture or record any area of your screen and share it with a single press of a key. repo store open
  • Streamlabs – Free and open source streaming software built on OBS and Electron. repo open
  • gInk – An easy to use on-screen annotation software inspired by Epic Pen. open
  • LiveDraw – A tool allows you to draw on screen real-time. open
  • Pensela – The Swiss Army Knife of Screen Annotation Tools.


  • Flameshot – Powerful yet simple to use screenshot software. repo open
  • Greenshot – A light-weight screenshot software tool. repo open
  • Ksnip – A Qt-based cross-platform screenshot tool that provides many annotation features for your screenshots. open
  • Snipaste – A simple but powerful snipping tool. store
  • gifcap – Capture your screen to a GIF in your browser. repo open
  • LICEcap – LICEcap simple animated screen capture tool for Windows (gif recorder). repo


  • Kalidoface 3D – A web app that brings support for 3D Vtuber avatars. repo open
  • Kalidoface – Become a virtual character with just your webcam! repo open
  • SysMocap – A real-time motion capture system for 3D virtual character animating. open
  • Vignette – The open source VTuber software. repo open

Webcam Recorders

  • Mini Video Me – A small webcam player focused on providing an easy way to add and control your webcam during recordings. repo open
  • Webcamoid – A full featured and multiplatform webcam suite. repo open


  • Excalidraw – Virtual whiteboard for sketching hand-drawn like diagrams. repo open
  • OpenBoard – A cross-platform interactive whiteboard application intended for use in a classroom setting. repo open
  • WBO – Online collaborative Whiteboard that is simple, free, easy to use and to deploy. repo open


  • Anime4KCPP – A high performance anime upscaler. open
  • Stable Diffusion UI – Provides a browser UI for generating images from text prompts and images. repo
  • Upscayl – Free and Open Source AI Image Upscaler. open
  • Allusion – A free and open source desktop application for managing your visual library. open
  • Celestia – Real-time 3D visualization of space. repo open
  • Colorpicker – A mininal but complete colorpicker desktop app. repo open
  • Gephi – Gephi is the leading visualization and exploration software for all kinds of graphs and networks. repo
  • Graphviz – Open source graph visualization software. repo open
  • Stellarium – A free open source planetarium for your computer. repo open
  • Storyboarder – Storyboarder makes it easy to visualize a story as fast you can draw stick figures. repo
  • Tropy – Research photo management. repo open
  • Avataaars generator – Simple generator React app for avataaars. repo open
  • Personas by Draftbit – A delightful avatar generator by the folks at Draftbit. repo open
  • macOS Big Sur – Replacements Icons – Replacement icons for popular apps in the style of macOS Big Sur. repo open

Health and Fitness

  • Ambie – The best white noise app on Windows. repo store open
  • UBPM – Manage your blood pressure data on Windows/Linux/macOS. open
  • f.lux – f.lux warms up your screen at night to help you relax and wind down before bed. store
  • LightBulb – An application that reduces eyestrain produced by staring at a computer screen when working late hours. open
  • Eyes Guard – A Windows application for protecting your eyes when you are working with your PC or Laptop. repo store open
  • Pomatez – An open-source Pomodoro timer application aimed for simplicity and productivity. repo open
  • Pomotroid – Simple and visually-pleasing Pomodoro timer. repo open
  • Stretchly – The break time reminder app. repo open
  • Workrave – A free program that assists in the recovery and prevention of Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI). repo open
  • OpenStreetMap – A collaborative project to create a free editable map of the world.
  • QMapShack – An intuitive and efficient tool for route planning and GPS recordings visualization. open

Network and Admin

Network Monitors

  • Angry IP Scanner – Fast and friendly network scanner. repo open
  • Fiddler – A Web Debugging Proxy which logs all HTTP(S) traffic between your computer and the Internet.
  • GlassWire – A network security monitoring tool and analyzer.
  • NETworkManager – A powerful tool for managing networks and troubleshoot network problems. repo open
  • Wireshark – The world’s foremost and widely-used network protocol analyzer. repo open
  • OpenNetMeter – A simple program to monitor your network/data usage. open
  • TrafficMonitor – A network monitoring suspension window software on Windows platform.

Remote Desktop

  • Chrome Remote Desktop – The easy way to remotely connect with your home or work computer, or share your screen with others.
  • DWService – Remotely access your devices from a Web browser.
  • Quick Assist – A new app in Windows 10 that enables you to receive or provide assistance over a remote connection.
  • Microsoft Remote Desktop – Use the Microsoft Remote Desktop app to connect to a remote PC or virtual apps and desktops made available by your admin.
  • TightVNC – A free remote desktop application.
  • TigerVNC – A free remote desktop software server and client application. repo open
  • QtScrcpy – Android real-time display control software. open
  • scrcpy – Display and control your Android device. open
  • Deskreen – A desktop app that turns any device with a web browser into a secondary screen for your computer over WiFi. repo open
  • RustDesk – Yet another remote desktop software. repo open
  • Screego – Screego allows you to share your screen with good quality and low latency. repo open
  • ScreenTask – Share your screen across local devices without internet. repo
  • Moonlight – An open source implementation of NVIDIA's GameStream. repo open
  • Sunshine – Host for Moonlight Streaming Client. open
  • Tailscale – A mesh VPN alternative that makes it easy to connect your devices. repo open
  • ZeroTier – A smart programmable Ethernet switch for planet Earth. repo
  • mRemoteNG – An open source, multi-protocol, tabbed remote connections manager. repo open
  • PRemoteM – A modern personal remote session manager and launcher. store
  • Veyon – Cross-platform computer monitoring and classroom management. repo open
  • Weylus – Use your tablet as graphic tablet/touch screen on your computer. open


  • Docker – Enterprise-focused container platform for building, sharing, and running any application. repo
  • Hyper-V – Hyper-V is Microsoft's hardware virtualization product.
  • VirtualBox – A powerful x86 and AMD64/Intel64 virtualization product for enterprise as well as home use.
  • WSL – Windows Subsystem for Linux.
  • WSA – Windows Subsystem for Android.
  • MagiskOnWSA – Integrate Magisk root and Google Apps (and more) into WSA. open
  • wsa_pacman – A GUI package manager and package installer for Windows Subsystem for Android. open
  • Sandboxie – A sandbox-based isolation software for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows NT-based operating systems. repo open
  • Windows Sandbox – Windows Sandbox provides a lightweight desktop environment to safely run applications in isolation.


  • LibreSpeed – This is a very lightweight Speedtest implemented in Javascript, using XMLHttpRequest and Web Workers. repo open
  • SwitchHosts – An App for managing hosts file. repo open
  • Wifinian – A Windows desktop tool to enable user to actively control Wi-Fi connections. store open

News and Books


  • Okular – A universal document viewer. store
  • Sumatra PDF – A free PDF, eBook (ePub, Mobi), XPS, DjVu, CHM, Comic Book (CBZ and CBR) viewer. repo
  • Sioyek – A PDF viewer designed for reading research papers and technical books. repo open
  • calibre – An e-book manager. repo open
  • Koodo Reader – A modern ebook manager and reader. repo open
  • Thorium Reader – The best free reading application for EPUB, PDF and DAISY 3 ebooks, audiobooks and digital comics. repo store open
  • YACReader – Yet another comic reader. repo open
  • AudiobookSuite – A WPF application with the goal of providing an easy to use local audiobook library and player for modern Windows systems. open
  • Libation – Audible audiobook manager. open
  • Sigil – A multi-platform EPUB ebook editor. open
  • Kiwix – An offline reader for online content like Wikipedia, Project Gutenberg, or TED Talks. repo store open
  • Internet Archive – A non-profit library of millions of free books, movies, software, music, websites, and more.
  • Library Genesis – A file-sharing based shadow library website.
  • Open Library – An open, editable library catalog.
  • Project Gutenberg – A library of over 60,000 free eBooks.
  • Sci-Hub – A shadow library website that provides free access to millions of research papers and books.
  • ZLibrary – The world's largest ebook library.
  • Books – Awesome Book Lists.
  • Mind Expanding Books – Books everyone should read! repo


  • Fluent Reader – Modern desktop RSS reader. repo store open
  • QuiteRSS – Free news feeds reader. repo open
  • Raven Reader – A open source desktop news reader with flexible settings to optimize your experience. repo open
  • RSS Guard – Feed reader which supports RSS/ATOM/JSON and many web-based feed services. open

Online Services

App Discovery Services

  • AlternativeTo – A website which lists alternatives to web-based software, desktop computer software, and mobile apps.
  • Product Hunt – A website that lets users share and discover new products.
  • Slant – A product recommendation community with the goal of making it effortless to find the best product, app or game for you.

Privacy and Security Guides

  • Privacy Guides – Protect your data against global mass surveillance programs. repo
  • PRISM Break – Privacy/security-oriented software recommendations. repo
  • EFF – The leading nonprofit defending digital privacy, free speech, and innovation.
  • Awesome Privacy – List of free, open source and privacy respecting services and alternatives to privative services.
  • Personal Security Checklist – A curated checklist of 300+ tips for protecting digital security and privacy. repo
  • Anonymous Planet – The comprehensive guide for online anonymity and OpSec. repo

Search Engines

  • Brave Search – The user-first and privacy-focused search engine that uses its own index making it an independent search engine.
  • DuckDuckGo – The search engine that doesn't track you.
  • SearXNG – Privacy-respecting metasearch engine. repo open
  • Whoogle Search – A self-hosted, ad-free, privacy-respecting metasearch engine. repo open

Secret Sharing

  • One-Time Secret – Keep sensitive info out of your email & chat logs. repo open
  • Password Pusher – A dead-simple application to securely communicate passwords over the web. repo open
  • PrivateBin – A minimalist, open source online pastebin where the server has zero knowledge of pasted data. repo
  • Yopass – Secure sharing of secrets, passwords and files. repo open

Survey Tools

  • Framadate – Schedule a meeting or create an opinion poll.
  • Framaforms – Design your online surveys easily while respecting your audience.
  • LimeSurvey – The most popular FOSS online survey tool on the web. repo open

URL Shorteners

  • anon.to – An anonymous URL redirector and shortener. repo open
  • Kutt – A modern URL shortener with support for custom domains. repo open
  • Lstu – A nice and open source url shortener. repo open
  • MagLit – Privacy Respecting Encrypted Link Shortener with Password Protection and Torrent Magnet Links support. repo open
  • Reduced.to – Free Modern URL Reducer. repo open
  • ZWS – Shorten URLs using invisible spaces. repo open


  • Disroot – A platform providing online services based on principles of freedom, privacy, federation and decentralization.
  • Framasoft – A not-for-profit popular educational organization.
  • Awesome Windows – An awesome & curated list of best applications and tools for Windows.
  • switching.software – Ethical, easy-to-use and privacy-conscious alternatives to well-known software.
  • Opensource.Builders – A website to find and request open-source alternatives to popular software you already use. repo open
  • Mostly Free Resources for Almost Everyone – A list of mostly free resources for almost anyone.
  • Awesome Piracy – A curated list of awesome warez and piracy links.
  • Piracy Index – This website is a collection of the best digital piracy resources. repo open
  • degoogle – A huge list of alternatives to Google products. repo
  • Awesome Fediverse – A curated, collaborative list of awesome Fediverse resources.
  • Awesome-Selfhosted – A list of Free Software network services and web applications which can be hosted on your own servers.

Personal Finance

  • Budget Badger – A simple Personal Budgeting cross-platform app built on top of Xamarin.Forms. repo store open
  • GnuCash – A personal and small-business finance manager. repo open
  • HomeBank – Free personal finance software, money management for everyone. repo
  • KMyMoney – A cross-platform personal finance manager.
  • Money Manager Ex – A free, open-source, cross-platform, easy-to-use personal finance software. repo open
  • Money – Personal Expense Manager. repo store open
  • My Budget – Free, open source offline cross-platform budgeting solution built with Electron. open
  • Frappe Books – Free Desktop book-keeping software for small businesses and freelancers. repo open
  • grocy – A web-based self-hosted groceries & household management solution for your home. repo store open
  • CryptoTracker – Simple yet powerful cryptocurrency portfolio tracker designed with simplicity and functionality in mind. repo store open
  • rotki – A portfolio tracking, analytics, accounting and tax reporting application that protects your privacy. repo open


  • Rainmeter – Desktop customization tool for Windows. repo open
  • Open-Shell-Menu – Classic Shell Reborn. open
  • AlbumPaper – An app for Windows that will change your desktop wallpaper to the album art of the song you are listening to. open
  • AutoWall – Live wallpapers on Windows 10/11 using open-source wallpaper engine. open
  • Lively Wallpaper – Free and open-source software that allows users to set animated desktop wallpapers and screensavers. repo store open
  • ScreenPlay – Modern, Cross Plattform, Live Wallpaper, Widgets and AppDrawer! repo open
  • SpaceEye – Make live satellite imagery your desktop background with SpaceEye. repo store open
  • Superpaper – A cross-platform multi monitor wallpaper manager. open
  • WinDynamicDesktop – WinDynamicDesktop ports the Dynamic Desktop feature from macOS Mojave to Windows 10. store open
  • RoundedTB – Add margins, rounded corners and segments to your taskbars! store open
  • TaskbarX – TaskbarX gives you control over the position of your taskbar icons. repo open
  • TaskbarXI – An application written in C++ to modify the Windows 11 Taskbar. repo open
  • TranslucentTB – TranslucentTB offers you control over the appearance of your taskbar. store open
  • Desktop Pet (eSheep) – This project gives you the possibility to add a pet to your desktop. repo store
  • RunCatforwindows – A cute running cat animation on your windows taskbar. open
  • Spirit – A modern and hackable desktop mascot. repo open
  • Aerial – Apple TV screen saver for Windows. open
  • Bibata Cursor – Opensource, compact, and material-designed cursor set. open
  • ElevenClock – Have a customizable clock on your Windows 11 displays. repo store open
  • ExplorerPatcher – This project aims to enhance the working environment on Windows. open
  • Mica for Everyone – A tool to enable backdrop effect on titlebar of win32 apps on Windows 11. open
  • ModernFlyouts – A modern Fluent Design replacement for the old Metro themed flyouts present in Windows. repo store open
  • Taskbar Groups – Lightweight utility for organizing the taskbar through groups. open
  • TileIconifier – Creates tiles for most Windows 8.1 and 10 start menu icons. open
  • Windows Auto Dark Mode – Switches between the dark and light theme of Windows at scheduled times. store open

Privacy and Security


  • VirusTotal – Free online malware detection service for analyzing suspicious files and URLs.
  • Windows Security – Windows 10 and 11 include Windows Security, which provides the latest antivirus protection.

Decentralized Networks

  • Freenet – A peer-to-peer platform for censorship-resistant and privacy-respecting publishing and communication.
  • I2P – The Invisible Internet Project (I2P) is a fully encrypted private network layer.
  • IPFS – A peer-to-peer hypermedia protocol to make the web faster, safer, and more open. repo open

Encryption Tools

  • Bitlocker – A Microsoft Windows security and encryption feature.
  • VeraCrypt – Disk encryption with strong security based on TrueCrypt. repo open
  • Cryptomator – Multi-platform transparent client-side encryption of your files in the cloud. repo open
  • Age – A simple, modern and secure encryption tool. repo open
  • cppcryptfs – An implementation of the gocryptfs encrypted overlay filesystem in C++ for Windows. open
  • Gnupg – A complete and free implementation of the OpenPGP standard as defined by PGP. open
  • Hat.sh – Encrypt and Decrypt files securely in your browser. repo open
  • Kryptor – A simple, modern, and secure encryption and signing tool that aims to be a better version of age and Minisign. repo open
  • Minisign – A dead simple tool to sign files and verify digital signatures. repo
  • Picocrypt – A very small, very simple, yet very secure encryption tool. repo open
  • SiriKali – A Qt/C++ GUI front end to sshfs, ecryptfs-simple, cryfs, gocryptfs, securefs, fscrypt and encfs. repo open
  • Horcrux – Split your file into encrypted horcruxes so that you don't need to remember a passcode. open
  • OpenStego – An open-source steganography tool. repo open
  • StegCloak – Hide secrets with invisible characters in plain text securely using passwords. repo open


  • Portmaster – Monitor all network activity. repo open
  • Simplewall – Simple tool to configure Windows Filtering Platform (WFP) which can configure network activity on your computer. repo open
  • Windows Defender Firewall – A stateful host firewall.

Password Managers

  • Bitwarden – An open source password manager. repo store open
  • KeePassXC – A modern, secure, and open-source password manager that stores and manages your most sensitive information. repo store open
  • KeeWeb – This webapp is a browser and desktop password manager compatible with KeePass databases. repo open
  • Diceware Passphrase Generator – A tool for generating strong Diceware passwords, with entropy and crack time estimates. repo open
  • LessPass – A stateless password manager. repo

Remove EXIF Data

  • ExifCleaner – Cross-platform desktop GUI app to clean image metadata. repo open
  • ExifTool – ExifTool is a platform-independent Perl library plus a command-line application for reading, writing and editing meta information in a wide variety of files.
  • jExifToolGUI – Graphical frontend for the excellent command-line ExifTool by Phil Harvey. repo open

System Tweakers

  • O&O ShutUp10++ – Free antispy tool for Windows 10 and 11.
  • Optimizer – The finest Windows Optimizer. open
  • Privatezilla – Performs a privacy & security check of Windows 10. repo open
  • ThisIsWin11 – ThisIsWin11 lets you customize Windows 11 all in one place. open


  • ProtonVPN – High-speed Swiss VPN that safeguards your privacy. repo open
  • Windscribe – Free VPN and Ad Blocker. repo open


  • Blacklight – A Real-Time Website Privacy Inspector.
  • Image Scrubber – This is a tool for anonymizing photographs taken at protests. repo



  • Alpha Clicker – Windows Autoclicker with a modern ui. open
  • Auto Screen Capture – Automated screen capture utility. repo open
  • AutoActions – Application-based actions to change Windows settings (display, audio) or run any program or action. open
  • AutoHotkey – A free, open source macro-creation and automation software utility that allows users to automate repetitive tasks. repo open
  • Beeftext – A text snippet tool for Windows. repo open
  • espanso – A cross-platform Text Expander written in Rust. repo open
  • Macro Deck – A open source software to use your smartphone, tablet or almost any touch screen device with a internet browser as a simple macro pad or even as an powerful automation solution for streaming, gaming, content creation and more. repo open
  • Mouse Jiggler – A very simple piece of software whose sole function is to “fake” mouse input to Windows, and jiggle the mouse pointer back and forth. open
  • Power Automate – Power Automate allows you to automate web and desktop applications on your Windows desktop by mimicking the user interface actions like clicks, and keyboard input.
  • Shutdown Timer Classic – Pick a time and let your computer shutdown itself. store open
  • SikuliX – SikuliX automates anything you see on the screen of your desktop computer running Windows, Mac or some Linux/Unix. repo open

Clipboard Managers

  • Clipboard Canvas – A tool that helps you be productive, preview multiple files on Infinite Canvas, save storage space with smart Reference Files, and work uninterruptibly with Autopaste. store open
  • CopyQ – An advanced clipboard manager with powerful editing and scripting features. repo open
  • Ditto – An extension to the standard windows clipboard. repo store
  • XClipper – A clipboard manager for Windows & Android which helps to track clipboard activities and makes it easier to interact with them. repo open
  • Everything – Locate files and folders by name instantly.
  • EverythingToolbar – Everything integration for the Windows taskbar.
  • Orange – A cross-platform desktop application for searching local files. repo open
  • Spyglass – A personal search engine, crawl & index websites/files you want with a simple set of rules. repo open
  • Cerebro – Open-source productivity booster with a brain. repo open
  • Flow launcher – Quick file search & app launcher for Windows with community-made plugins. repo open
  • LaunchyQt – LaunchyQt is a fork of the keystroke launcher program Launchy but modernized. repo open
  • Pinpoint – Keystroke launcher and productivity tool. open
  • SystemTrayMenu – Browse and open your files easily. repo store open
  • Tabame – Tabame is an alternative to Windows Taskbar. open
  • ueli – A keystroke launcher for Windows and macOS. repo open
  • dnGrep – dnGrep allows you to search across files with easy-to-read results. repo open
  • grepWin – A powerful and fast search tool using regular expressions. repo open


  • linked – Daily journaling without distraction. repo open
  • Mini Diary – Simple and secure journal app. repo open
  • RedNotebook – A modern desktop journal. repo open

Markdown Editors

  • Abricotine – Markdown editor with inline preview. repo open
  • Dillinger – A cloud-enabled, mobile-ready, offline-storage compatible. repo open
  • MarkText – A simple and elegant markdown editor. repo open
  • PanWriter – Markdown editor with pandoc integration and paginated preview. repo open
  • StackEdit – In-browser Markdown editor. repo open AngularJS-powered HTML5 Markdown editor. repo open

Mind Mapping

  • ASCIIFlow – A client-side only web based application for drawing ASCII diagrams. repo open
  • draw.io – Free online diagram software.
  • drawio-desktop – An open source technology stack for building diagramming applications. repo store open
  • Gaphor – A UML and SysML modeling application written in Python. repo open
  • Heimer – A simple cross-platform mind map, diagram, and note-taking tool written in Qt. open
  • mindmaps – An open source, offline capable, mind mapping application leveraging HTML5 technologies. repo open
  • My Mind – A web application for creating and managing Mind maps. repo open
  • Wireflow – Flow chart collaboration app. repo open

Note Taking

  • Cryptee – A privacy focused, encrypted and secure documents, notes, files and photos service. repo open
  • Joplin – A free, open source note taking and to-do application, which can handle a large number of notes organised into notebooks. repo open
  • Notesnook – A fully end-to-end encrypted note taking alternative to Evernote. repo open
  • SilentNotes – A simple note taking app which respects your privacy. repo store open
  • Standard Notes – A free, open-source, and completely encrypted notes app. repo
  • Simplenote – The simplest way to keep notes. store
  • AppFlowy – An open-source alternative to Notion. repo open
  • Athens – An open-source knowledge graph that helps individuals and organizations solve complex problems by enabling them to capture, compose, and recombine ideas. repo open
  • Foam – A personal knowledge management and sharing system for VSCode. repo open
  • Logseq – A privacy-first, open-source platform for knowledge management and collaboration. repo open
  • Notes – An open source and cross-platform note-taking app that is both beautiful and powerful. repo open
  • Obsidian – A powerful knowledge base on top of a local folder of plain text Markdown files.
  • QOwnNotes – A plain-text file notepad and todo-list manager with markdown support and Nextcloud / ownCloud integration. repo open
  • Trilium Notes – A hierarchical note taking application with focus on building large personal knowledge bases. open
  • Zettlr – A Markdown Editor for the 21st century. repo open
  • Butterfly – Powerful, minimalistic, cross-platform, opensource note-taking app. repo open
  • Leaflet – POSP official notes application, written in flutter, beautiful, fast and secure. repo open
  • Lorien – An infinite canvas drawing/note-taking app that is focused on performance, small savefiles and simplicity. open
  • Microsoft Journal – A notetaking application that focuses on the inking experience.
  • Xournal++ – A handwriting notetaking software with PDF annotation support. repo open


  • CryptPad – A collaboration suite that is end-to-end-encrypted and open-source. repo open
  • Grist – A modern relational spreadsheet. repo open
  • LibreOffice – A free and powerful office suite. repo open
  • Sozi – A presentation tool for SVG documents. repo open
  • Google Docs – Free online document editor.
  • Microsoft Office Online – Collaborate for free with online versions of Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, and OneNote.

Task Management

  • Focalboard – An open source, self-hosted alternative to Trello, Notion, and Asana. repo store open
  • Kanban Tasker – A simple personal kanban board. store open
  • sleek – A todo app based on todo.txt. store open
  • Super Productivity – To-do list & time tracker for programmers & designers. store
  • WeekToDo – A free minimalist weekly planner app focused on privacy. repo open

Time Tracking

  • ActivityWatch – The best free and open-source automated time tracker. repo open
  • Nomie – Open-source mood and life tracking. repo open
  • Strategr – No-Fuss Time Management App. repo open
  • Tockler – An application that tracks your time by monitoring your active window title and idle time. repo open
  • Habitica – A habit tracker app which treats your goals like a Role Playing Game. repo

Writing Tools

  • bibisco – An open source application for writing novels. repo open
  • ghostwriter – A cross-platform, aesthetic, distraction-free Markdown editor. open
  • KIT Scenarist – Simple and powerful application for writing screenplays. repo open
  • Manuskript – A open-source tool for writers. repo open
  • novelWriter – An open source plain text editor designed for writing novels. repo open


  • PDF Arranger – Small python-gtk application, which helps the user to merge or split pdf documents and rotate, crop and rearrange their pages using an interactive and intuitive graphical interface. open
  • PDFsam – A desktop application to extract pages, split, merge, mix and rotate PDF files. repo open
  • Scribus – An open source desktop publishing software. repo open
  • TeXstudio – A fully featured LaTeX editor. repo open
  • Knowledge Canvas – With Knowledge Canvas, you can import almost any digital resource and use it to build your own personal Knowledge Base. open
  • TagSpaces – An offline, open source, document manager with tagging support. repo open
  • Datawrapper – An open source tool helping everyone to create simple, correct and embeddable charts in minutes.
  • RAWGraphs – An open web tool to create custom vector-based visualizations on top of the amazing d3.js library. repo open
  • Reactive Resume – A free and open source resume builder. repo open
  • Resumake – A website for automatically generating elegant LaTeX resumes. repo open
  • KDE Connect – Enabling communication between all your devices. repo store open
  • Phone Link – Link your Android phone and PC to view and reply to text messages, make and receive calls, view your notifications, and more.
  • ClickPaste – Windows 10 notification area app in C# that can paste clipboard contents as keystrokes to whatever location you click. open
  • DropPoint – Make drag-and-drop easier using DropPoint. repo open
  • QuickLook – Bring macOS “Quick Look” feature to Windows. repo store open


Context Menu Managers

  • ContextMenuManager – A program to manage the Windows right-click context menu. repo open
  • Custom Context Menu – Add Custom Context Menu For Windows11. store open
  • Shell – Powerful context menu manager for Windows File Explorer. repo open

Disk Imaging

  • Macrium Reflect Free – The complete backup solution for personal use.
  • UrBackup – An easy to setup Open Source client/server backup system. repo open
  • Veeam Agent for Microsoft Windows Free & Veeam Backup & Replication Community Edition – The free backup software to protect virtual, physical and cloud workloads.
  • Etcher – A powerful OS image flasher. repo open
  • Rufus – A utility that helps format and create bootable USB flash drives. repo store open
  • UNetbootin – UNetbootin allows you to create bootable Live USB drives for Ubuntu and other Linux distributions without burning a CD. repo
  • USBImager – A very minimal GUI app that can write compressed disk images to USB drives.
  • Ventoy – A Multiboot Bootable USB Creation Tool. repo open
  • UUP dump – Download UUP files from Windows Update servers with ease. repo open
  • UUP Media Creator – An utility to convert Unified Update Platform file sets into Windows Media files. store open

Disk Usage Analyzers

  • Filelight – An application to visualize the disk usage on your computer. store
  • TreeSize Free – The disk space manager TreeSize Free tells you where precious disk space has gone. store
  • WizTree – The fastest disk space analyzer.

File Recovery

  • DMDE – A powerful tool for data searching, editing, and recovery on disks.
  • TestDisk – A powerful free data recovery software. repo open
  • Windows File Recovery – A command-line software utility from Microsoft to recover deleted files.

File Shredders

  • BleachBit – BleachBit cleans files to free disk space and to maintain privacy. repo open
  • Eraser – A secure data removal tool for Windows.
  • Permadelete – An easy to use and beautiful app for shredding files and folders permanently. repo store open
  • Turbo Delete – A blazing fast alternative to the default Windows delete. open

Hardware Monitoring

  • CrystalDiskInfo – A HDD/SSD utility software which supports a part of USB, Intel RAID and NVMe. store
  • CrystalDiskMark – A simple storage benchmark.
  • GSmartControl – Hard disk drive and SSD health inspection tool. repo open
  • HWiNFO – Comprehensive Hardware Analysis, Monitoring and Reporting for Windows and DOS.
  • Radiograph – Universal tool for managing your computer. store
  • Sidebar Diagnostics – A simple sidebar for Windows desktop that displays hardware diagnostic information. open
  • Winfetch – A command-line system information utility written in PowerShell. open
  • Libre Hardware Monitor – A fork of Open Hardware Monitor. open
  • Open Hardware Monitor – A free open source software that monitors temperature sensors, fan speeds, voltages, load and clock speeds of a computer. repo
  • Fan Control – A focused, highly customizable fan controlling software for Windows. repo
  • FanCtrl – FanCtrl is a software that allows you to automatically control the fan speed on your PC. open
  • NBFC – A cross-platform fan control service for notebooks. open
  • Monitorian – A Windows desktop tool to adjust the brightness of multiple monitors with ease. store open
  • Twinkle Tray – Easily manage the brightness of your monitors in Windows from the system tray. repo store open

Package Managers

  • Chocolatey GUI – A delicious GUI for Chocolatey. open
  • Chocolatey – The package manager for Windows. repo open
  • Scoop – A command-line installer for Windows. repo
  • Fluent Store – A unifying frontend for Windows app stores and package managers. open
  • WingetUI – A graphical user interface for Winget and Scoop. open
  • winget – Microsoft's open-source CLI packager manager for Windows. store open
  • winstall – A web app for browsing and installing Windows Package Manager apps. repo open
  • PortableApps.com – A website offering many free, commonly used Windows applications that have been specially packaged for portability.
  • BCUninstaller – A free program uninstaller. repo open
  • GeekUninstaller – A portable software uninstaller.

System Administration

  • NSudo – A system management tool for advanced users to launch programs with full privileges. repo open
  • Sysinternals Suite – A bundle of the Sysinternals utilities including Process Explorer, Process Monitor, Sysmon, Autoruns, ProcDump, all of the PsTools, and many more.
  • System Informer – A free, powerful, multi-purpose tool that helps you monitor system resources, debug software and detect malware. repo open

Window Managers

  • AltSnap – Easily drag windows when pressing the alt key. open
  • Amethyst Windows – Automatic tiling window manager for Windows 10/11. repo open
  • PowerToys – Windows system utilities to maximize productivity. store open
  • RBTray – RBTray allows almost any program to be minimized to the system tray by right clicking its minimize button. open
  • SmartSystemMenu – SmartSystemMenu extends system menu of all windows in the system. open
  • workspacer – A tiling window manager for Windows. repo open


  • AltStore – An alternative app store for non-jailbroken iOS devices. repo open
  • Barrier – Open-source KVM software. open
  • CompactGUI – Visual Interface for the Windows 10 Compact Function.
  • Driver Store Explorer – Driver Store Explorer [RAPR] makes it easier to deal with Windows driver store. open
  • FontForge – Free (libre) font editor for Windows, Mac OS X and GNU+Linux. repo open
  • GestureSign – A gesture recognition software for Windows tablet. open
  • Key'n'Stroke – Displays Keystrokes in an overlay window and visualize mouse clicks. open
  • Keyviz – A free and open-source tool to visualize your keystrokes keyboard in real-time. repo open
  • NVDA – The free and open source Screen Reader for Microsoft Windows. repo
  • Nyrna – Suspend games and applications. repo open
  • OpenRGB – Open source RGB lighting control that doesn't depend on manufacturer software. repo open
  • Plover – Open source stenotype engine. repo open
  • Scanner – An all-in-one scanner app built for the Universal Windows Platform. repo store open
  • Screen Ruler – A lightweight and configurable ruler tool for Windows Desktop. repo open
  • SharpKeys – A utility that manages a Registry key that allows Windows to remap one key to any other key. repo open
  • Ten Hands – Simplest way to organize and run command-line tasks. repo open
  • Universal Android Debloater GUI – Cross-platform GUI written in Rust using ADB to debloat non-rooted android devices. open
  • WinCompose – A compose key for Windows. repo
  • X-Mouse Controls – Windows utility to enable or disable active window tracking, raising and also the delay in milliseconds. repo open


Media Servers

  • Go2TV – Cast media files to UPnP/DLNA Media Renderers and Smart TVs. open
  • Jellyfin – A personal media server and client. repo open
  • Kodi – An award-winning free and open source software media player and entertainment hub for digital media for HTPCs (Home theater PCs). repo store
  • Macast – A menu bar application using mpv as DLNA Media Renderer. repo open
  • Universal Media Server – A DLNA, UPnP and HTTP(S) Media Server. repo open

Subtitles Tools

  • pyTranscriber – An application that can be used to generate automatic transcription / automatic subtitles for audio/video files through a friendly graphical user interface. repo open
  • Subliminal – A command line tool to search and download subtitles. repo open
  • SubSync – An automatic movie subtitle synchronization tool. repo open
  • Subtitle Edit – A free editor for video subtitles. repo open

Video Converters

  • av-converter – Convert audio/video files to another format. repo open
  • FFmpeg – A collection of libraries and tools to process multimedia content such as audio, video, subtitles and related metadata. repo open
  • HandBrake – An open-source video transcoder. repo
  • LosslessCut – The swiss army knife of lossless video/audio editing. open
  • VidCoder – An open-source DVD/Blu-ray ripping and video transcoding application. repo store open

Video Editors

  • Auto-Editor – Auto-Editor is a command line application for automatically editing video and audio by analyzing a variety of methods, most notably audio loudness. repo open
  • DaVinci Resolve – A color grading and non-linear video editing application.
  • Hitfilm Express – Free video editing software with professional-grade VFX tools and everything you need to make awesome content, films or gaming videos.
  • Kdenlive – Free and open source video editor. repo open
  • Olive – Free open-source non-linear video editor. repo open
  • OpenShot – An award-winning free and open-source video editor. repo open
  • Shotcut – A free, open source, cross-platform video editor. repo open
  • StaxRip – Video encoding GUI for Windows. open
  • Kinovea – A video annotation tool designed for motion analysis. repo open
  • MKVToolNix – A set of tools to create, alter and inspect Matroska files under Linux, other Unices and Windows. repo
  • Natron – Open-source video compositing software. repo open
  • Astrofox – A motion graphics program that lets turn audio into amazing videos. repo open
  • Mediabits.io – Mediabits.io lets anyone create engaging videos for their audio, perfect for sharing on social media. repo open
  • Clipchamp – Free online video editor.

Video Players

  • Media Player – Media Player is designed to make listening to and watching your multimedia content more enjoyable.
  • Rise Media Player – One media player for everything you own or stream. open
  • MPC-BE – A free and open source audio and video player. open
  • MPC-HC – A free and open-source video and audio player. open
  • mpv.net – A modern media player for Windows based on the popular mpv player. store open
  • mpv – A free, open source, and cross-platform media player. repo open
  • SMPlayer – Free Media Player with built-in codecs. repo store open
  • VLC – A cross-platform media player software and streaming media server developed by the VideoLAN project. repo store open
  • GridPlayer – Simple VLC-based media player that can play multiple videos at the same time. open
  • Kawaii-Player – Multimedia player, media library manager and portable media server with PC-To-PC casting feature. open
  • QMPlay2 – A video and audio player which can play most formats and codecs. open
  • IPTVnator – A video player application that provides support for the playback of IPTV playlists (m3u, m3u8). repo open
  • Vodon Pro – A video player designed for esports coaches to review footage of players. repo open
  • Pennywise – Cross-platform application to open any website or media in a floating window. open

Video Streaming

  • FreeTube – An Open Source YouTube app for privacy. repo open
  • Invidious – An alternative front-end to YouTube. repo open
  • Piped – An alternative privacy-friendly YouTube frontend which is efficient by design. repo open
  • Streamlink Twitch GUI – A multi platform Twitch.tv browser for Streamlink. open
  • MotionMonkey – A semantic video player designed to stream Internet videos from a single query. store
  • Popcorn Time – A free BitTorrent client that includes an integrated media player. repo

Watch Videos Together

  • Metastream – Watch streaming media with friends. repo
  • OpenTogetherTube – The easy way to watch videos with your friends. repo open
  • Syncplay – Syncplay synchronises the position and play state of multiple media players so that the viewers can watch the same thing at the same time. repo open
  • WatchParty – A website for watching videos together. repo open


  • DVDStyler – A cross-platform free DVD authoring application.
  • IPTV – Collection of publicly available IPTV channels from all over the world.
  • Mediarepo – A tool for managing media files. repo open
  • QPrompt – Personal teleprompter software for all video creators. repo
  • Radarr – A movie collection manager for Usenet and BitTorrent users. repo open
  • Stash – An organizer for your porn, written in Go. repo open

References & Acknowledgements

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  • This article is under the CC0-1.0 license.

from Sickness

วันเกิดปีนี้ได้เจอแอลสักที หลังจากไม่ได้เจอกันนานมาก เรานัดเจอกันที่เซนเวิล ระหว่างที่รอแอลก็คือเดินตามหาชาตรามือเพราะอยากกินชาพีชมากๆๆ ในที่สุดก็เจอเนอะ เจอด้วยความบังเอิญเพราะแอลบอกว่าที่นี่ต้องมีเรพาะมีคนถือกินอยู่ เราก็นั่งเม้ามอยไปเรื่อย ชอบที่ได้คุยกับแอลเพราะรู้สึกสบายใจในการพูดคุยทุกเรื่อง สากกะเบือยันเรือรบของจริง ตั้งแต่เรื่องมัน เรื่องเรา สุขภาพ ธุรกิจ เพื่อนๆ ไปหมด คุยไปเรื่อยๆจนเริ่มเย็นละ เราก็เลือกร้านรอเอิร์นด้วย กิ๊กแวบมาแปปนึง สุดท้ายเราเลือกกับข้าวกับปลา ก็สั่ง ปลากะพงทอดน้ำปลา ปลาหมึกผัดไข่เค็ม กุ้งทอดซอสมะขาม หมูกรอบคั่วพริกเกลือ คุยไปเม้ามอยไปเรื่อย ก็เหมือนทำให้เราได้รู้จักเอิร์นมากขึ้นด้วย เพราะบางเรื่องเราไม่เคยถามเอิร์นเลย กลับมาดึกเพราะเป็นห่วงลูกๆ เนื่องจากเมื่อวานไปนอนห้องเอิร์นมา เพราะว่าสอนเอมี่ เย็นนั้นก็กินเยอะเหมือนกันนะ ไข่ดาวสองฟอง ข้าวกะเพราหมูสับซเว่น แล้วก็ผัดเห็ดหมูสับเต้าหู้ กินไม่หมดเลยบอกพี่หนิงให้เก็บไว้กินวันพฤหัส 55555 หลังจากนั้นรู้สึกปวดข้อเท้ามากๆ ข้างขวา (แต่ที่สะดุดข้างซ้ายนะ) สรุปก็ปวดสองข้าง ด้วยความไม่อยากไปหาหมอวันเกิด สอนเสร็จเลยเข้าไปหาหมอที่รพ สุขุมวิท หมอให้คำแนะนำดีมาก แต่ก็นะ ดูค่าหมอ 2000 จ้าา โหดแท้นะหมอนะ แต่ข้อเท้าแพลงนั่นแหละ เอ็นอักเสบ ตอนกลับไม่ได้บอกเอิร์นแล้วเผลอไปพูดให้เอิร์นรู้สึกไม่ดี เพราะไม่อยากให้เป็นห่วง เอิร์นเลยหายไปเลย กะว่าเข้าห้องมาเอิร์นต้องบ่นเรื่องขาแน่ๆ สรุป เอิร์นกลีบสี่ทุ่ม ดึกกว่าอีกกก เอิร์นก็เลยบอกว่าจะได้รู้ว่ารู็สึกยังไง ไม่บอกเป็นห่วงกว่าอีก โอเค ไม่ทำแล้วจ้าาาาาา พอถึงเที่ยงคืนเราเอิร์นก็ปลุกขึ้นมาแฮปปี้เบิร์ดเดย์ โถ ก็อุตส่าห์ปลุกมาเนาะ มีเค้กสามชิ้น ร้านทื่ส่งให้เอิร์นเอง พร้อมกับสร้อยข้อมือที่เอิร์นถักให้เอง ว้าวววววว เป็นเชือกสำหรับนักไต่เขาสักอย่าง สีดำแดง ใหญ่ๆเหมือนกัน เสร็จก็คือนอนต่อเพราะต้องตื่นเช้าไปดูห้องที่คอนโด เหนื่อยมากๆๆ

กลับมาที่คืนวันเกิด กลับมาก็คือทำความสะอาด ซักผ้า ตากผ้า ดูดฝุ่น ถูบ้าน เก็บขี้แมว เรียกเอิร์นขึ้นไปนอน แล้วดันนอนไม่หลับ ตอนตี1 เริ่มพะอืดพะอม ลมตี อ่ะก็ข่มนอนไป ตอนเช้าตื่นมา รีบทำไข่ตุ๋นให้เอิร์นกิน แต่รู้สึกเลยว่าไม่มีแรง ไม่หิว หน้ามืด เวียนหัว ก็เลยพยายามนอน สรุป นอนไม่ได้ จะอ้วกตลอด ทั้งวันอ้วกไป 7 รอบ ตอนเช้าอ้วกไปนิดนึง กินไรก็อ้วก กินไม่ลง ได้แต่นอนถึงบ่าย ตื่นมาลองกินก็อ้วก กินน้ำเปล่ราก็อ้วก คุยกับเอิร์นพอดี เอิร์นเลยรีบกลับมาบ้านมาดู เลยไล่เอิร์นไปจัดการพาแมวไปฉีดยาก่อน แล้วค่อยมาดู เอิร์นก็ซื้อเกลือแร่มาให้ อ้วกอีก อ้วกจนมีแต่น้ำย่อย น้ำเปล่าก็อ้วก จนม้ากลับมาจากเที่ยวตกใจเพราะนึกว่าไปสอน สรุปนอนอยู่บ้าน ตอนดึกๆเริ่มไม่ไหวแล้วจริงๆก็เลยไปนอนรพ พญาไท 3 ให้น้ำเกลือ หมอบอกว่าน่าจะอาหารเป็นพิษ ลำไส้อักเสบ อ่ะจัดไป การแอดมิดครั้งแรกที่ไม่ใช่ผ่าตัดจ้า

แจ็กพ็อตมาก ได้ห้องเด็กเพราะห้องผู้ใหญ่เต็มแล้ว เข้าไปได้ธีมเต่าทะเล พร้อมถังขยะแปะสติกเกอร์เป็นตัวการ์ตูนต่างๆ น่าร้ากกกกก ก่อนจะเข้าห้องก็ต้องตรวจ swab covid ไป อย่างเจ็บ ทั้งคอทั้งจมูก แต่อ่ะรอดไม่เป็นอะไร คืนนั้นก็คือน่าจะเหนื่อยมาก น้ำเกลือคือให้ไปถุงนึง พร้อมยาแก้อาเจียน ตอนเช้ายังปวดหัว มึนหัว แต่ไม่ได้หน้ามืด หมอบอกอาจจะอาเจียนหนักมาก เลยมีอาการ อ่ะพักไป นอนไปอีกวัน วันนั้นก็ยังมึนๆ เดินทรงตัไม่ได้ กินได้บ้าง ไม่ได้บ้าง ส่วนใหญ่มื้อเย็นจะกินไม่ลง แต่ไม่ได้ินอาหารรพ นะ เพราะว่าประหยัดค่าใช้จ่ายไป ค่าอาหารมันแพง วันแรกผ่านไปโอเค วันที่สอง หมอมาตรวจใหม่ บอกยังปวดหัว เวียนหัว เดินเซๆอยู่ หมอบอกโอเคถ้าไม่ดีขึ้นต้องให้หมอทางประสาทมาดูแล้ว แต่วันนั้นผ่านไปด้วยดี คิดว่าโอเค พรุ่งนี้ได้กลับละ สรุปตื่นมา หมอกระเพาะบอกโอเคกลับบ้านได้ ถ้ามีอาการเวียนหัวนิดหน่อย ดูโอเคแล้ว ตกบ่าย อ่าวปวดหัวอีกละ เลยบอกขอแอดมิดอีกคืนนะ เพราะกลัวกลับบ้านไปไม่ไหวต้องมาใหม่ วันนั้นเลยถูกส่งหมอกายภาพมา หมอบอกตึงมากกก คอบ่าไหล่ตึงมาก ทนมาได้ไง เลยอัลตร้าซาวพร้อมประคบเย็น (มันดีมาก เป็นแผ่นเจลยาวๆประคบพันคอเลยทีเดียว) หมอบอกโอเค ต้องยืดกล้ามเนื้อบ้างเพราะตึงมากจริงๆ คืนนั้นเอิร์นกลับบ้านไปเก็บของ ม้าเลยมานอนเฝ้าแทน แต่เอิร์นก็รีบมาตอนตี1 กว่าแล้ว อ่ะ เช้ามา อาการดีขึ้นละ แต่เสือกหูอื้อ แบบเสียงตัวเองก้องในหัวตลอดเวลา หมอแกเลยส่งไปหาหมอหูคอจมูกเลย คราวนี้ลองตรวจ อ่ะหูมีขี้หูนิดหน่อย หมอแกดูดออกให้ละสองข้าง คราวนี้หมอบอกในหูมีสูญากาศ อาจจะเกิดจากอาเจียนหนัก เดี๋ยวขอดูจมูกก่อน สรุปจมูกบวมมาก หมอบอกโอเค จมูกบวมเพราะอ้วกหนัก เสร็จทำให้หูอื้อ แล้วนี่บวมมาก น่าจะบวมมาก่อนหน้านี้แล้ว เหมือนเกิดจากภูมิแพ้ ลองตรวจคอดู โอ้โห ต่อมทอนซิลบวม อักเสบเรื้อรังเชียว อ่ะ หมอพาไปส่องกล้องให้ดูเลย เอาเหม็นท่อนเหล็กบางๆแหย่เข้าไป ไม่เจ็บนะ ดห็นชัดเลย จมูกบวมระยะ 4 แนะนำให้ทำผ่าตัด แต่อันนี้กินยาได้ ลดไปสักระยะนึง ไปดูคอบ้าง ดูสิ นิ่วในทอนซิลเต็มเลย มันอักเสบเรื้อรัง แสดงว่าเจ็บคอบ่อยใช่มั้ย หมอเลยจัดมาเลย ยาฆ่าเชื้อ เพราะอักเสบเกิ้น หมอบอกแนะนำว่าถ้าอยากหายขาดให้เอาออก แต่หมอมีวิทยาการใหม่ ชื่อว่า intracapsular laser tonsillectomy เป็นการเลเซอร์ออกเฉพาะส่วนที่อักเสบ ไม่ได้ตัดทั้งต่อมเหมือนเมื่อก่อน เพราะอยากให้มีต่อมไว้ดักเชื้อก่อนลงปอด เป็นวิทยาการที่อเมริกาใช้กัน ในไทยมีหมอแกทำคนเดียว ให้ไปเสิชชื่อได้ แล้วก็มีแกทำคนเดียวจริงๆ แลอ้วเข้ารพเดียวด้วย ค่าใช้จ่ายพยาบาลบอก 180,000 +– 20% ค่าผ่าอย่างเดียวนะ ได้ยินแล้วจะเป็นลม เลยโทรไปปรึกษาแบงค์ แบงค์บอกก็ทำสิ ประกันน่าจะครอบคลุม ก็เลยบอกว่าไว้ก่อน หมอบอกค่อยมาทำหลังจากหายอันนี้ก่อน ยังทำไม่ได้ ถ้ามาหมอก็ยินดี ประกันเคลมได้แน่นอน เราก็อ่ะโอเค กลับห้องไปบอกป๊าม้า ม้าถึงกับปวดหัวกุมขมับ เสร็จตอนบ่ายๆหมอประสาทมาหา เช็คว่าทำไมยังเวียนหัวอยู่ ลองตรวจก็ไม่น่ามีปัญหาอะไร เอานิ้วจิ้มตาและจิ้มนิ้วหมอ หมอแกย้ายนิ้วไปเรื่อยๆ อ่ะปกติ แต่ถ้าไม่ดีขึ้นให้กลับมาหา เพราะปวดหัวเวียนหัวอาจจะบ้านหมุนหรือ ไมเกรน หรือ มีชั้นตะกอนในหู หรือน้ำในหูไม่เท่ากัน คิดว่ากินยาก่อนอาทิตนึง ถถ้าไม่ดีขึ้นเสาร์นี้กลับมาหาหมอ อาจจะต้องทำ ct scan / MRI เลย แต่นนี่ยังไม่เร่งด่วน อีกอย่างอาจจะเกินวงเงินประกัน ไว้ไปเคสหน้าจะดีกว่า อ่ะโอเค กลับบ้านไป กลับมาบ้านหัวยังหมุนเด้อ เวียนๆ เซ ทรงตัวไม่ได้ จนถึงเช้าจ้ะ เหนื่อยแท้ โชคดีประกัน AIA + ไทยประกันจ่ายครอบคลุม ตัดจากเอไอเอก่อนสี่หมื่นกว่า หลังจากนั้นไทยประกันจ่ายต่อ เหลือแค่ค่ายา 917 บาท รอดตัวไปจ้าาา


from 1Te blog

Barátom és kollégám, Dr. Mary Talley Bowden nemrég tette fel ezt a fontos kérdést, amely a világjárvány idején sokakat zavarba ejtett: “Egy 5 éves korom óta barátom nem akar velem semmit sem kezdeni most a Covid nézeteim miatt. Tudom, hogy ezt mindannyian megtapasztaltuk már. @akheriaty meg tudod magyarázni a pszichopatológiát?”

Azt javaslom, hogy a szociálpszichológia két beszámolója – Matthias Desmet tömegalakítási elmélete és Rene Girard mimetikus fertőzéselmélete – segít megválaszolni ezt a kérdést. Ez a két elmélet nagymértékben hozzájárul a világjárvány során kialakuló néhány rejtélyesebb viselkedésforma magyarázatához.

Az első elmélet, a tömegalakítás, akkor került a nyilvánosság elé, amikor Robert Malone röviden összefoglalta Joe Rogan podcast-jében. Az internet felrobbant, ahogy az emberek többet akartak megtudni a koncepcióról. A Google technikai főnökei közbeléptek, hogy eltemessék az elméletről szóló információkat, amikor az emberek a “tömegalakításra” kerestek. Ez az interjú miatt Malone állandó Twitter-börtönbe került, Rogan-ra pedig dühösek lettek.

Desmet elmélete azonban az elmúlt száz évben felhalmozott szilárd társadalomelméleti és pszichológiai ismereteken alapul. Ahogy Desmet, a Genti Egyetem professzora leírja, a tömegalakítás feltételei között az emberek nem azért vesznek be egy narratívát, mert az igaz, hanem mert az bebetonoz egy társadalmi köteléket, amelyre nagy szükségük van.

A tömeg- (vagy közönség-) formálás egy társadalomban nagyon sajátos feltételek mellett alakul ki. Az első feltétel az, hogy az emberek a más emberekhez való kötődés hiányát, az értelmes társadalmi kötelékek hiányát tapasztalják. Gondoljunk csak a magány járványára, amelyet a bezárások csak súlyosbítottak. Az egyetlen kötődésünk virtuális volt, ami a valódi emberi kapcsolatok elszegényedett helyettesítője.

A második állapot az élet értelmének hiánya, ami közvetlenül következik a társadalmi hálózatokba – családi, szakmai, vallási stb. hálózatokba – való beágyazottság hiányából. Desmet ezzel kapcsolatban megemlíti, hogy a Gallup 2017-es felmérése szerint az emberek 40%-a teljesen értelmetlennek élte meg a munkáját, további 20% pedig arról számolt be, hogy a munkájának erős értelemhiánya van. Mindössze 13% találta értelmesnek a munkáját.

Más társadalomelméleti szakemberek Max Weber-től Emile Durkheim-ig dokumentálták ezt a társadalmi atomizálódás és a vallási dimenzió elvesztésének tendenciáját az elmúlt két évszázadban Nyugaton. A tömegalakítás előfordulása tehát a 19. és 20. században vált gyakoribbá, amikor az ember és a világ mechanisztikus szemlélete kezdett uralkodóvá válni.

A tömegképződés harmadik feltétele a népességben szabadon lebegő szorongás magas szintje. Nincs szükség tanulmányokra, diagramokra és grafikonokra – bár most már rengeteg van belőlük –, hogy ezt az állapotot a világjárvány idején világszerte bebizonyítsuk. A szabadon lebegő szorongás a félelem egy olyan formája, amely nem irányul egy konkrét tárgy vagy helyzet felé. Ha félek a kígyóktól, tudom, hogy mitől félek, és így tudom kezelni ezt azáltal, hogy nem megyek el az állatkert hüllőosztályára, és nem túrázom a sivatagban.

A szabadon lebegő szorongás, mint például a láthatatlan vírus által keltett szorongás, rendkívül elviselhetetlen, mert az embernek nincsenek eszközei arra, hogy szabályozza vagy kontrollálja. Az ebben az állapotban krónikusan megrekedt emberek kétségbeesetten keresnek valamilyen eszközt, amivel kiszabadulhatnak belőle. Tehetetlennek érzik magukat, mert nem tudják, hogy mit kerüljenek vagy mi elől meneküljenek, hogy ezt az ellenszenves lelkiállapotot kezelni tudják.

A negyedik állapot, amely az első háromból következik, a frusztráció és az agresszió magas szintje a lakosság körében. Ha az emberek úgy érzik, hogy szociálisan elszakadtak, hogy az életüknek nincs értelme vagy jelentősége (esetleg azért, mert nem tudnak dolgozni, vagy iskolába járni a bezártság körülményei között), hogy szabadon lebegő szorongás és pszichológiai szorongás gyötri őket, amelynek nincs egyértelmű oka, akkor frusztráltnak és dühösnek is fogják érezni magukat. És nehéz lesz tudni, hogy hová irányítsák ezt a dühöt, ezért az emberek olyan tárgyat keresnek, amelyhez szorongásukat és frusztrációjukat kapcsolhatják.

Ha ilyen körülmények között a tömegmédián keresztül egy olyan narratívát terjesztenek elő, amely a szorongás tárgyát jelzi, és stratégiát kínál e célpont kezelésére. Ez azonban nagyon veszélyes: az emberek feltűnően hajlandóak lesznek részt venni egy olyan stratégiában, amely a narratívában jelzett szorongás tárgyának kizárására vagy akár elpusztítására irányul.

Mivel sok ember kollektíven vesz részt ebben a stratégiában, egy újfajta társadalmi kötelék – egy új szolidaritás – jön létre. Az új társadalmi kötelék az embereket egy erősen averzív mentális állapotból szinte eufórikus megkönnyebbülésbe viszi, ami arra sarkallja őket, hogy részt vegyenek egy társadalmi tömeg kialakításában. Az emberek újra elkezdik érezni az összetartozást, és ezzel a válság egy része megoldódik. Az életnek ezzel a közös kötődéssel kezd értelmet adni, megoldva az értelem problémáját azáltal, hogy egyesülnek a szorongás tárgya ellen, ami egyben a frusztrációjuk és agressziójuk levezetését is lehetővé teszi. De a tömeg álszolidaritása így mindig egy megbélyegzett külső csoport ellen irányul; az övék a harag és az undor által bebetonozott közös kötelék.

Az emberek nem azért veszik be a narratívát, mert hisznek benne, még akkor is, ha az abszurddá válik, és nem áll kapcsolatban a tényekkel, hanem éppen azért, mert az olyan társadalmi köteléket teremt, amelyről nem akarnak lemondani. Mint a hipnózisban, látóterük túlzottan beszűkül, és kizárólag az elfogadott narratíva elemeire összpontosít. Lehet, hogy halványan tudatában vannak a járulékos károknak vagy az ellentmondó tényeknek, de ezeknek alig vagy egyáltalán nincs kognitív vagy érzelmi hatásuk – a bizonyítékok egyszerűen megszűnnek számítani.

Az új társadalmi tömeg haragja pontosan azok ellen az emberek ellen irányul, akik nem akarnak részt venni a tömegalakításban, akik elutasítják az új társadalmi kötelék alapját. Hónapokig, amikor az elnöktől kezdve a közegészségügyi tisztviselőkig magas rangú személyiségek panaszkodtak a “be nem oltottak világjárványa” miatt, világossá vált, hogy ki volt a kijelölt célpont: azok, akik elutasították a társadalmi távolságtartást, a maszk viselését, a védőoltást vagy más kovid intézkedéseket.

Az ezen intézkedések köré csoportosuló tömeg számára ezek rituális viselkedéssé válnak, amelyek megszilárdítják a társadalmi köteléket.

A rituáléban való részvétel, amely nélkülözi a pragmatikus előnyöket és áldozatot követel, azt bizonyítja, hogy a kollektíva magasabb rendű, mint az egyén. A lakosság ezen része számára nem számít, hogy az intézkedések abszurdak-e. Gondoljunk például arra, hogy egy étterembe maszkkal a fejünkön sétálunk be, és amint leülünk, azonnal levesszük.

Desmet kutatásai szerint a teljes népesség körülbelül 30%-a, jellemzően azok, akik temperamentumilag hajlamosak a hipnózisra, teljes mértékben elfogadják azt a narratívát, amely ezt a tömegalakítási folyamatot irányítja. További 40-50% nem fogadja el teljesen a narratívát, de nem is akar nyilvánosan ellenállni, és nem akarja magára vonni az igaz hívők 30%-os szegmensének elmarasztalását. A lakosság további 10-20%-a nem könnyen hipnotizálható, és továbbra is nagyon ellenáll a tömegformálás folyamatának, sőt, megpróbál ellenállni annak romboló túlkapásainak. Az egyén intelligenciaszintje nem korrelál azzal, hogy melyik csoportba kerül, bár néhány személyiségtényező valószínűleg igen.

A tömegbe tartozó egyének áthatolhatatlanok a racionális érvelésre, és ehelyett az élénk vizuális képekre reagálnak, beleértve a grafikonokon és diagramokon bemutatott számokat és statisztikákat, valamint a narratívában központi szerepet játszó üzenetek ismétlését. Desmet továbbá azt állítja, hogy – akárcsak a hipnotizált állapotban, ahol az ember érzéketlen lehet a fájdalomra, ami még az érzéstelenítés nélküli műtétet is lehetővé teszi – a tömegalakítás folyamatába belekerült valaki radikálisan érzéketlenné válik az élet egyéb fontos értékei iránt. Mindenféle javakat elvehetnek tőle, beleértve a szabadságát is, és ő alig vesz tudomást ezekről a veszteségekről és károkról.

Szélsőséges esetekben a tömegek képesek lesznek atrocitások elkövetésére, miközben azt hiszik, hogy szinte szakrális kötelességet teljesítenek a nagyobb jó érdekében. Ahogy Gustave Le Bon, az 1895-ben megjelent klasszikus mű, “A tömeg: A népszerű elme tanulmánya” című könyv szerzője rámutatott: ha az ébren lévők megpróbálják felébreszteni az alvajárókat, kezdetben kevés sikerrel fognak járni; azonban továbbra is békésen és erőszakmentesen kell próbálkozniuk, hogy megakadályozzák a legrosszabb kimeneteleket. Minden erőszakot ürügyként fognak felhasználni az agresszorok, hogy fokozzák üldözésüket és elnyomásukat. Ezért fontos, hogy továbbra is kimondjuk az igazságot és erőszakmentes ellenállást gyakoroljunk.

A tömegalakulás elmélete mellett a jelenség megértéséhez hasznosak a 20. század egyik legnagyobb gondolkodójának, Rene Girard stanfordi professzornak a mimetikus fertőzésről és a bűnbakképző mechanizmusról szóló meglátásai. Ez sok tekintetben kiegészíti a tömegképződési elméletet. Girard úgy látta, hogy nemcsak egymás viselkedését, hanem egymás vágyait is utánozzuk. Végül is ugyanazt (ugyanazokat) a dolgot (dolgokat) akarjuk, például: “Elsőnek kell beállnom a sorba a védőoltásért, ami lehetővé teszi, hogy visszakapjam az életemet”.

Ez mimetikus rivalizáláshoz vezethet, és növelheti a társadalmi feszültséget és konfliktust. Az a mechanizmus, amelyet a társadalmak e konfliktus feloldására használnak, a bűnbakképzés. A társadalmi feszültséget (amelyet a bezárások során és a félelemalapú propagandával felerősítenek) egy személynek vagy személycsoportnak tulajdonítják, azzal a javaslattal, hogy ha csak megszabadulunk a [töltse ki az üres mezőt “tisztátalan” társadalmi tag(ok)kal], akkor a társadalmi feszültség feloldódik.

A bűnbak (ebben az esetben az oltatlanok) száműzése vagy megsemmisítése hamisan azt ígéri, hogy a társadalom visszatér a harmonikus állapotba, és eloszlatja az erőszakos konfliktus veszélyét. Bár a bűnbakképzés némileg enyhíti a társadalmi feszültségeket, ez mindig csak átmeneti. A mimetikus rivalizálás folytatódik, a társadalmi feszültségek ismét felerősödnek, és újabb bűnbakot kell keresni (pl. most az ellenség az állítólagos dezinformációk terjesztői). A körforgás folytatódik.

Érdekes mellékes megjegyzésként Girard azt állította, hogy Krisztus keresztre feszítése leleplezte ezt a bűnbakképző mechanizmust, és egyúttal meg is szüntette annak hatalmát, mivel felfedte, hogy a bűnbak ártatlan áldozat – ezzel megfosztva a bűnbakképző mechanizmust ideiglenes hatalmától. A bűnbak áldozatának ártatlansága, a mimetikus fertőzés végső fázisa olyan lecke, amelyet még mindig nem tanultunk meg.



from لونا

شرایط خوب نیست. مجبور ام یه مدت که معلوم نیست چقدر، دوباره همه چیز رو متوقف کنم. فعلا باید زندگی رو سر و سامون بدم.

امیدوار ام زود بتونم کنترل کنم همه چیز رو.

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from Amassando ideas

Hoy termina mi cuarta semana estudiando en la FCFM. Como prometí que haría, escribiré sobre mi experiencia y mis impresiones de la universidad. El post no está tan estructurado como otros artículos porque lo escribo con menor planificación.

Primeros días

El primer día amanecí antes de las 6AM. Estaba muy emocionado, en contraste con los días previos en los que no tenía ganas de nada. Ordené mis cosas y me dirigí a caminando a la facultad (afortunadamente vivo relativamente cerca).

Como me había levantado temprano, aproveché de pasear por la facultad. Me encantó el edificio antiguo de Beauchef y el patio que tenía adentro. El problema era que no encontraba la sala y llegué un poco tarde a mi primera clase. Tuve que haber intuido que la “G” como la primera letra del nombre de la sala era de “Geología”.

Cerca del mediodía tuve clase en el edificio nuevo. Me gustó el contraste entre ambos edificios aunque no me gustó tanto la idea de tener que salir de la facultad hacia la calle para luego volver a entrar.

En los días siguientes pasaron hartas cosas buenas pero tenía una ensalada de emociones. Conocí en persona a algunos compañeros de programación en el patio. También pude colarme en el DCC (Departamento de Ciencias de la Computación) y sentí que era mi lugar, como que pertenecía ahí. No obstante, me sentía algo irritado y con pocas ganas de esforzarme, lo que hizo que me atrasara en algunos ramos.

Tengo muchos problemas para concentrarme en clase. Mi cerebro se distrae fácilmente pensando en cualquier otra cosa. Últimamente he estado pensando mucho en mi propósito y en cómo aportar de la mejor manera al mundo con algo que me guste. Y parece bastante complicado.

Impresiones de los ramos

Tengo una carga académica normal (30 créditos), pero siento que me quita demasiado tiempo. A continuación los ramos que tomé para este semestre:

Cálculo Avanzado y Aplicaciones

Aquí vemos Cálculo vectorial, Variable Compleja, series de Fourier y ecuaciones en derivadas parciales. Parece que se aplica mucho en física, pero parece una excusa para aplicar lo que vimos en Cálculo en Varias Variables y en Ecuaciones Diferenciales Ordinarias.

Sobre mi desempeño en el ramo, no hemos tenido evaluaciones aún pero voy bastante atrasado y me cuesta entender la materia del apunte.

Inglés 4

Estas clases son como las que tenía en el instituto de idiomas, sólo que esta vez son con más gente. La profesora es chilena pero eso no es un problema para mí. Creo que el nivel que busca que obtengamos es B2 en todo excepto en escritura, pero no estoy completamente seguro.

Introducción a la Física Moderna

Aquí estudiamos ondas, sonido, relatividad, etc. El profesor es algo sarcástico y honestamente no aprendo mucho con él en clase. Afortunadamente los tests son fáciles y me ha ido muy bien en ellos.

Probabilidades y Estadística

El curso está dictado por un profesor que ganó el premio nacional en ciencias exactas. El profesor dio una motivadora primera clase explicando varios casos y situaciones que inspiraron la creación de distintas teorías de probabilidad. Sus clases se basan en copiar texto del pizarrón pero se toma el tiempo de explicar los conceptos. Quiere que preguntemos sobre nuestras dudas pero suele regañar a algun@s que lo hacen, ya sea porque el o la estudiante asume algo que no sale escrito o por otros motivos que no recuerdo. Aún así me cae muy bien.

Proyecto de innovación en Ingeniería y Ciencias

Tod@s parecen odiar este ramo, pero a mi me gusta la idea de aprender cómo aportar a la sociedad mediante la ingeniería. Uno de l@s profesores es muy agradable de escuchar, hace aportes entretenidos e interesantes.


Tod@s parecen odiar este ramo también. Me tocó con un profesor francés y se le nota al hablar, pero eso me agrada. Lamentablemente me fue mal en la primera tarea, pero no sé por qué pues no he visto la corrección. Espero que me la den para la revisión, porque creo que merezco una mejor nota aunque no esté seguro.

Taller de Inducción a Competencias Docentes para Auxiliares

La docencia me llama la atención así que decidí pedirle al CAD que me inscribiera a este ramo para ser auxiliar. Me he imaginado siendo auxiliar de Intro al Álgebra y de Intro a la Progra. Lo malo es que es necesario ver vídeos de Youtube por EOL, lo que requiere descargar JavaScript privativo, por lo que le pedí a los profesores que enviaran los enlaces a los vídeos directamente para poder verlos desde Invidious.

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from لونا

نمی‌دونم این دیرکردها رو بذارم روی چه حسابی؟ آیا واقعا دلم می‌خواد خیلی جدی وارد این راه بشم یا مثل خیلی از تصمیمات دیگه فقط جوگیر شدم.

البته اینطور نیست که فراموش کنم که درس بخونم. بیشتر فرصت نمی‌کنم. این ده روز اخیر مشغول کار خودم بودم، خونه‌تکونی، عیددیدنی داشتم، و یه کتاب هم خوندم.

درس خوندن نیاز به فضای آروم داره که اصلا گیر نیومد. اما امروز از وقتی بیدار شدم، حداقل ۴ ساعت مفید مشغول این موضوع بودم.

امروز ساختار directory‌های لینوکس رو نگاه انداختم. به نظرم واقعا مبهم و پیچیده بود. و بعد از اینکه مرور و یادداشت می‌کردم و هزار بار جست‌وجو می‌کردم و سر درنمیاوردم، آخر به خودم گفتم: حتما بعدا که پیش برم دوباره برمیگردم بهشون.

به نظرم یادگیری یه فعالیت خطی نیست. نمیشه به چیزی مسلط شد، پرونده‌ش رو بست و رفت سراغ مرحله بعد. باید همیشه برگشت و چیزایی که فکر می‌کنیم یادگرفتیم رو مرور کنیم چون قطعا موضوعات تازه‌ای که یاد می‌گیریم، به فهم موضوعات قبلی کمک می‌کنه. (نمیدونم چقدر این باورم درسته).

بعد رفتم سراغ ls command و cd. بیشترش رو سعی کردم توی ترمینال خودم امتحان کنم. اونقدی که توی یادم بمونه.

دستور ls پیچیده‌تر بود. مجبور شدم خیلی قسمتای مبهم رو جست‌جو کنم.

برای هرکدوم بخش man رو هم یه نگاه می‌نداختم و اونایی که جذاب بودن رو امتحان می‌کردم. ولی گمونم لازمه کتاب این دستورها رو پرینت بگیرم و مث کتاب مقدس بذارم کنار دستم. چرا پی‌دی‌اف نه؟ چون من با کاغذ راحت‌‌تر ام. روی کاغذ راحت‌تر می‌تونم یادداست بردارم. و خطر کپی-پیست وجود نداره:).

و اینجا این کتاب رو پیدا کردم‌. واقعا پیدا کردنش خیلی شادم کرد. https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/manual/

متاسفانه آخراش خسته شدم و کتاب دبیان رو نخوندم. دارم همه‌ی تلاشم رو می‌کنم که برنامه‌ریزی پربازده رو پیدا کنم.

کتابی که دقیقا شب عید، عیدی گرفتم و خیلی زود خوندمش، حسابی کمکم کرده و دلم نمیاد معرفیش نکنم. برنامه‌ریزی به روش بولت ژورنال

میدونم شاید اسمش کمی زرد به نظر برسه، اما ظاهربین نباشید. کتاب بیشتر جنبه‌ی خودشناسی و خودکاوی داره. و شک ندارم یه بار خوندنش قطعا می‌ارزه.

سعی می‌کنم گزارش بعدی بهتر باشه. سعی می‌کنم زود به زود مطالعه کنم و گزارش بدم.

فعلا انگیزه کافی برای ادامه‌دادن دارم.

راستی! نوروزتون نو-روز باشه واقعا

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from mischk

Meinen ersten Kuss bekam ich von Manuela in der zweiten Klasse. Manuela war ziemlich dick und die anderen Kinder in der Schule hänselten sie dafür. Ich hatte kein Mitleid, aber ein großes Herz für die Unterdrückten (meine Eltern haben mich christlich erzogen). So wurde Manuela meine Freundin. Auf dem Schulweg gaben wir uns ein verschüchtertes Küßchen. Wir waren 8 Jahre alt und spielten Junge und Mädchen. Gemeinsam mit Ines und meiner Schwester beschlossen wir Manuela einen Streich zu spielen. Wir bauten aus einem Schuhkarton und Alufolie einen Home-Computer. Ein Bast-Untersetzer diente als Diskette. Wir erzählten Manuela, dass wir im Computerclub seien und dies sei der Computer. Komischerweise glaubte sie uns kein Wort. Obwohl unser Computer großartig war!


from mischk

Die Erinnerungen verschwimmen, vermischen sich. Ein paar Bruchstücke bleiben, haben sich festgesetzt. Entsteht daraus ein Zusammenhang?


from mischk

Meine Kindheit war mit der DDR zu Ende. 1989 war ich 12 Jahre alt. Dass die Berliner Mauer geöffnet wurde, hörte ich zufällig abends im Radio. Ich hatte keine Ahnung, was es bedeutete, aber es lag schon länger was in der Luft und es war klar, dass es mit dem Ende der DDR zu tun hatte. Am nächsten Tag kam die Lehrerin meines kleinen Bruders nicht in die Schule. In der Folge ereigneten sich besondere Dinge: die Welt öffnete sich. In der Schule gab es Streiks denn die Schüler*innen wollten nicht mehr am Samstag zur Schule gehen. Es gab Demos und Kundgebungen in unserer kleinen Stadt. Vieles erschien jetzt möglich. Alte Gewissheiten waren plötzlich nicht mehr sicher. Ehemals strenge Lehrer waren plötzlich eingeschüchtert. Nichts war mehr sicher, außer dass jetzt alles besser würde. Meine Eltern nahmen “die Wende” mit großer Euphorie zur Kenntnis: endlich Reisen, endlich in “den Westen”, endlich eine neue Waschmaschine. Der Fall der Mauer: eine Revolution! “Das erlebt man nur einmal im Leben!” Auch ich war erschüttert, verunsichert, euphorisch und durcheinander. Alles veränderte sich. Viel zu schnell.