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from Yomel Hernández Paz

HOTEL SARATOGA

DEFLAGRACIÓN DE GAS, UN ACCIDENTE. NO UNA BOMBA

Muchos hablan de por que la bala de GLP del camión suministrador, no explotó. Y por eso no quieren creer que haya sido un accidente.

Las fotos de lo sucedido hablan por sí sola.

Que ocurrió en el Saratoga???

Un escape de gas GLP ( mezcla de butano y propano) en algún punto entre la línea de abastecimiento (manguera) o la fuente receptora (la bala de gas del hotel).

El gas comenzó a escapar, y se concentró en el volumen interior de la edificación. Alcanzando valores entre los LCI (límites de inflamabilidad). Algo que para el GLP no necesita mucho volumen. Además estos hoteles con muchos locales cerrados, son sitios ideales para estas concentraciones.

Alguna fuente de ignición, que puede ser desde un interruptor de la luz, hasta el relay de un refrigerador, o simplemente una fuente incandescente como un cigarro o fósforo, fue suficiente para que la masa de gas acumulada en el hotel llegará a deflagrar. Lo hace de pronto, en un instante, se enciende y se consumen, pero ni deja grandes incendios tras si, ni grandes llamaradas que se mantengan porque el gas acumulado se consumen y quema.

Toda la onda expansiva sale y lo hace por todos los elementos más fáciles de desprender en de una edificación, por eso se observan los entrepisos intactos y la estructura de fachada o cierre derrumbada. Porque estás fachadas son de construcción ligera. Esa es la causa del por qué en la escuela se observa más acumulación de escombros que en el propio hotel donde fue el hecho. Los materiales constructivos no son iguales.

La cisterna de GLP del camión, está intacta -a la vista- porque el camión está al aire libre donde el GLP no se concentra. Además está fuera del área de salida de la onda expansiva. El camión no tiene porque destruirse, a no ser que la misma onda no tenga otro lugar por donde salir.

Los explosivos de cualquier tipo, no se comportan de esa forma cuando explotan. Ellos hacen ondas expansivas pero destruyen en forma de.esfera desde el lugar donde están colocados hacia todos los puntos, y eso no es lo que se ve en las fotos, ni en los daños de la estructura.

Esto a simple vista se puede observar que fue una DEFLAGRACIÓN de GLP y NO una bomba.

Mi criterio personal como Especialista Superior en Seguridad Contra Incendios en que me gradué y trabaje por 18 años.

 
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from auctor

Free Lunch


This is a list of free Windows software for normal users. It will be updated from time to time.


Please note the following points:

  • This list contains the great built-in apps in Windows.
  • Strikethrough text is used to show that something is not recommended. These apps aren't private or reliable enough compared to similar apps, although they are cool!
  • Some apps could possibly infringe copyright or other laws.
  • Microsoft Store Apps may not have all the features of Desktop Apps.

Mirrors

Contents


Audio

Audio Players

  • foobar2000 – An advanced freeware audio player. Microsoft Store
  • AIMP – A full-featured music player. Microsoft Store
  • MusicBee – A music manager and player. Microsoft Store
  • Museeks – A simple, clean and cross-platform music player. Repo
  • Dopamine – An elegant audio player which tries to make organizing and listening to music as simple and pretty as possible. Repo
  • Harmonoid – Elegant music app to play & manage music library.
  • Strawberry Music Player – A music player and music collection organizer. Repo
  • DeaDBeeF – A modular cross-platform audio player. Repo
  • CPOD – A simple, beautiful podcast app.
  • nuclear – Streaming music player that finds free music for you. Repo
  • YouTube Music Desktop App – A Desktop App for YouTube Music. Repo
  • Cider – An open source and community oriented Apple Music client. Repo
  • Spotube – A lightweight free Spotify crossplatform-client which handles playback manually, streams music using Youtube & no Spotify premium account is needed.
  • Lofi – A mini Spotify player with WebGL visualizations. Repo

Audio Editors

  • Audacity – An easy-to-use, multi-track audio editor and recorder. Repo
  • Tenacity – An easy-to-use, privacy-friendly, FLOSS, cross-platform multi-track audio editor/recorder. Repo
  • fre:ac – A free audio converter and CD ripper with support for various popular formats and encoders. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • MusicBrainz Picard – An open-source cross-platform music tagger. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • Mp3tag – A powerful and easy-to-use tool to edit metadata of audio files. Microsoft Store
  • Kid3 – An open-source cross-platform audio tag editor for many audio file formats.

Music Production

  • MuseScore – Create, playback, and print sheet music for free. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • LMMS – Cross-platform music production software. Repo
  • Mixxx – Free DJ software that gives you everything you need to perform live mixes. Repo
  • Helio Workstation – One music sequencer for all major platforms, desktop and mobile. Repo
  • Sonic Pi – A code-based music creation and performance tool. Repo
  • AudioStellar – Open source data-driven musical instrument for latent sound structure discovery and music experimentation. Repo

Others

  • projectM – The most advanced open-source music visualizer. Microsoft Store
  • Friture – An application to visualize and analyze live audio data in real-time. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • Jamulus – A networked music performance software allowing musicians to rehearse, perform and play in real-time.
  • Figaro – Real-time open-source voice modification program & sound board.
  • Soundux – A cross-platform soundboard that features a simple user interface. Repo
  • Carla – A fully-featured audio plugin host, with support for many audio drivers and plugin formats. Repo
  • Equalizer APO – A system-wide equalizer.
  • Peace Equalizer – A Windows PC interface for Equalizer APO.
  • Real-time Noise Suppression Plugin – Noise suppression plugin based on Xiph's RNNoise.
  • SpleeterGUI – Music source separation desktop app.
  • SoundSwitch – SoundSwitch offers you the opportunity to switch your playback and recording devices using simple hotkeys. Repo
  • EarTrumpet – A powerful volume control app for Windows. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • Audio Band – Display and control songs from the Windows taskbar.
  • MicMute – Control your microphone using keyboard and mouse hotkeys.
  • WinMute – WinMute can automatically mute all sound devices on your PC.
  • Mechvibes – Adds sound feedback any keyboard. Repo
  • AudioPlaybackConnector – Bluetooth audio playback (A2DP Sink) connector for Windows 10 2004+.
  • AirPodsDesktop – AirPods desktop user experience enhancement program.
  • AirConnect – Use AirPlay to stream to UPnP/Sonos & Chromecast devices.
  • swyh-rs – Stream What You Hear written in rust, inspired by SWYH.

Video

Video Players

  • Media Player – Media Player is designed to make listening to and watching your multimedia content more enjoyable.
  • Rise Media Player – One media player for everything you own or stream.
  • VLC – A cross-platform media player software and streaming media server developed by the VideoLAN project. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • MPC-BE – A free and open source audio and video player.
  • MPC-HC – A free and open-source video and audio player.
  • mpv – A free, open source, and cross-platform media player. Repo
  • mpv.net – A modern media player for Windows based on the popular mpv player. Microsoft Store
  • SMPlayer – Free Media Player with built-in codecs. Microsoft Store
  • Kawaii-Player – Multimedia player, media library manager and portable media server with PC-To-PC casting feature.
  • Streamlink Twitch GUI – A multi platform Twitch.tv browser for Streamlink. Repo
  • FreeTube – An Open Source YouTube app for privacy. Repo
  • Piped – An alternative privacy-friendly YouTube frontend which is efficient by design. Repo
  • Invidious – An alternative front-end to YouTube. Repo
  • Popcorn Time – A free BitTorrent client that includes an integrated media player. Repo
  • MotionMonkey – A semantic video player designed to stream Internet videos from a single query. Microsoft Store
  • Syncplay – Syncplay synchronises the position and play state of multiple media players so that the viewers can watch the same thing at the same time. Repo
  • Metastream – Watch streaming media with friends. Repo
  • OpenTogetherTube – The easy way to watch videos with your friends. Repo
  • WatchParty – A website for watching videos together. Repo
  • Pennywise – Cross-platform application to open any website or media in a floating window.

Video Editors

  • DaVinci Resolve – A color grading and non-linear video editing application.
  • Hitfilm Express – Free video editing software with professional-grade VFX tools and everything you need to make awesome content, films or gaming videos.
  • Shotcut – A free, open source, cross-platform video editor. Repo
  • OpenShot – An award-winning free and open-source video editor. Repo
  • Olive – Free open-source non-linear video editor. Repo
  • Kdenlive – Free and open source video editor. Repo
  • StaxRip – Video encoding GUI for Windows.
  • Natron – Open-source video compositing software. Repo
  • Astrofox – A motion graphics program that lets turn audio into amazing videos. Repo
  • Mediabits.io – Mediabits.io lets anyone create engaging videos for their audio, perfect for sharing on social media. Repo
  • Kinovea – A video annotation tool designed for motion analysis. Repo
  • Clipchamp – Free online video editor.
  • FFmpeg – A collection of libraries and tools to process multimedia content such as audio, video, subtitles and related metadata.
  • HandBrake – An open-source video transcoder. Repo
  • LosslessCut – The swiss army knife of lossless video/audio editing.
  • VidCoder – An open-source DVD/Blu-ray ripping and video transcoding application. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • MKVToolNix – A set of tools to create, alter and inspect Matroska files under Linux, other Unices and Windows.
  • av-converter – Convert audio/video files to another format. Repo

Others

  • QPrompt – Personal teleprompter software for all video creators. Repo
  • Kodi – An award-winning free and open source software media player and entertainment hub for digital media for HTPCs (Home theater PCs). Repo · Microsoft Store
  • Jellyfin – A personal media server and client. Repo
  • Universal Media Server – A DLNA, UPnP and HTTP(S) Media Server. Repo
  • Macast – A menu bar application using mpv as DLNA Media Renderer. Repo
  • Go2TV – Cast media files to UPnP/DLNA Media Renderers and Smart TVs.
  • Webcamoid – A full featured and multiplatform webcam suite. Repo
  • Mini Video Me – A small webcam player focused on providing an easy way to add and control your webcam during recordings.
  • Anime4KCPP – A high performance anime upscaler.
  • DVDStyler – A cross-platform free DVD authoring application.
  • Subtitle Edit – A free editor for video subtitles. Repo
  • SubSync – An automatic movie subtitle synchronization tool. Repo
  • Subliminal – A command line tool to search and download subtitles. Repo
  • Radarr – A movie collection manager for Usenet and BitTorrent users. Repo
  • Mediarepo – A tool for managing media files. Repo
  • Stash – An organizer for your porn, written in Go. Repo
  • IPTV – Collection of publicly available IPTV channels from all over the world.

Graphics

Screenshot and Screen Recorder

Digital Painting

  • Inkscape – A free and open-source vector graphics editor. Microsoft Store
  • Krita – A free and open source digital painting application. Repo
  • Pinta – A free, open source program for drawing and image editing. Repo
  • Milton – A free and open-source infinite canvas paint program. Repo
  • Drawpile – A collaborative drawing program. Repo
  • tldraw – A tiny little drawing app. Repo
  • AutoDraw – An intuitive drawing tool for everyone.
  • Excalidraw – Virtual whiteboard for sketching hand-drawn like diagrams. Repo
  • OpenBoard – A cross-platform interactive whiteboard application intended for use in a classroom setting. Repo
  • WBO – Online collaborative Whiteboard that is simple, free, easy to use and to deploy. Repo

Image Viewer

Image Editors

  • GIMP – A cross-platform image editor.
  • PhotoGIMP – A patch for optimizing GIMP 2.10+ for Adobe Photoshop users.
  • Paint.NET – Free image and photo editing software.
  • ImageMagick – A software suite to create, edit, and compose bitmap images. Repo
  • PhotoDemon – A portable photo editor. Repo
  • Pixelitor – A desktop image editor. Repo
  • Photopea – Online photo editor.
  • miniPaint – Online image editor lets you create, edit images using HTML5 technologies. Repo
  • FotoSketcher – Turn your photos into beautiful paintings, sketches or drawings in seconds.
  • Polotno Studio – Free online design editor. Repo
  • Screenshot.rocks – An online tool which allows you to create beautiful mobile & browser mockups from screenshots. Repo
  • Rembg – A command line tool to remove images background.
  • Cleanup.Picture – A free web application that lets you quickly cleanup or remove objects in any image.
  • BackgroundRemover – A free web application that lets you Remove Background from images and video. Repo
  • Remove.bg – Remove background from images 100% automatically in 5 seconds without a single click.
  • darktable – An open source photography workflow application and raw developer. Repo
  • RawTherapee – A powerful cross-platform raw photo processing program. Repo
  • Filmulator – Simplified raw editing with the power of film. Repo
  • digiKam – An advanced digital photo management application. Repo
  • Imagine – A desktop app for compression of PNG and JPEG, with a modern and friendly UI.
  • Caesium – A cross-platform image compression software. Repo
  • Caesium Image Compressor – An image compression web app.
  • Squoosh – An image compression web app that reduces image sizes through numerous formats. Repo

Pixel Editors

2D and 3D

  • Synfig Studio – A free and open-source 2D animation software. Repo
  • OpenToonz – An open-source full-featured 2D animation creation software. Repo
  • Pencil2D – An easy, intuitive tool to make 2D hand-drawn animations. Repo
  • Enve – Open-source 2D animation software. Repo
  • Wick Editor – A free and open-source tool for creating games, animations and everything in-between! Repo
  • Blender – Free and Open Source 3D creation suite. Microsoft Store
  • FreeCAD – An open-source parametric 3D modeler made primarily to design real-life objects of any size. Repo
  • OpenSCAD – The Programmers Solid 3D CAD Modeller. Repo
  • MeshLab – The open source mesh processing system. Repo
  • Sweet Home 3D – A free interior design application which helps you draw the plan of your house, arrange furniture on it and visit the results in 3D.
  • F3D – A fast and minimalist 3D viewer. Repo

Others

  • Graphviz – Open source graph visualization software. Repo
  • Gephi – Gephi is the leading visualization and exploration software for all kinds of graphs and networks. Repo
  • gInk – An easy to use on-screen annotation software inspired by Epic Pen.
  • LiveDraw – A tool allows you to draw on screen real-time.
  • Pensela – The Swiss Army Knife of Screen Annotation Tools.
  • Storyboarder – Storyboarder makes it easy to visualize a story as fast you can draw stick figures. Repo
  • gImageReader – A simple Gtk/Qt front-end to tesseract-ocr.
  • Capture2Text – Quickly OCR part of the screen and save resulting text to clipboard.
  • NormCap – OCR powered screen-capture tool to capture information instead of images. Repo
  • Colorpicker – A mininal but complete colorpicker desktop app. Repo
  • Avataaars generator – Simple generator React app for avataaars. Repo
  • Personas by Draftbit – A delightful avatar generator by the folks at Draftbit. Repo
  • macOS Big Sur – Replacements Icons – Replacement icons for popular apps in the style of macOS Big Sur. Repo

Browsers and Extensions

Browsers

  • Firefox – Get the browser that protects what’s important. Microsoft Store
  • LibreWolf – A fork of Firefox, focused on privacy, security and freedom.
  • Brave – A fast, private and secure web browser. Repo
  • Chromium – The free and open-source project behind Google Chrome.
  • Tor Browser – A web broswer that anonymizes your web traffic using the Tor network.
  • Min – A fast, minimal browser that protects your privacy. Repo

Extensions

  • uBlock Origin – An efficient blocker for Chromium and Firefox. Fast and lean.
  • AdNauseam – Fight back against advertising surveillance. Repo
  • ClearURLs – This extension will automatically remove tracking elements from URLs to help protect your privacy when browsing the Internet. Repo
  • FastForward – FastForward automatically skips annoying link shorteners. Repo
  • LocalCDN – A web browser extension that emulates Content Delivery Networks to improve your online privacy. Repo
  • LibRedirect – A web extension that redirects popular sites to alternative privacy-friendly frontends and backends. Repo
  • Mailvelope – Browser extension for OpenPGP encryption with Webmail.
  • Violentmonkey – An open source userscript manager. Repo
  • Automa – A chrome extension for automating your browser by connecting blocks. Repo
  • Omni – The all-in-one tool to supercharge your productivity keyboard.
  • Memex – Browser Extension to full-text search your browsing history & bookmarks. Repo
  • Dark Reader – Dark Reader analyzes web pages and aims to reduce eyestrain while browsing the web. Repo
  • Bypass Paywalls – A web browser extension to help bypass paywalls for selected sites.
  • Search by Image – A browser extension that makes effortless reverse image searches possible, and comes with support for more than 30 search engines.
  • Read Aloud – A Text to Speech Voice Reader extension for your browser! Repo
  • Translate Web Pages – Translate your page in real time using Google or Yandex.
  • Screenity – The most powerful screen recorder & annotation tool for Chrome.
  • Marinara – A time management assistant for Chrome that follows the Pomodoro Technique.
  • nightTab – A neutral new tab page accented with a chosen colour. Repo
  • Tabliss – A beautiful, customisable New Tab page for Firefox and Chrome. Repo
  • xBrowserSync – Free and open source tool for syncing your browser data between browsers and devices whilst maintaining your privacy and anonymity. Repo
  • Floccus – Sync your bookmarks privately across browsers. Repo
  • Gesturefy – A customizable Firefox mouse gesture add-on with a variety of different commands.
  • BetterViewer – A replacement for the image viewing mode built into Firefox and Chrome-based web browsers.

Communication

Email

IM

  • Signal – A messaging app with an unexpected focus on privacy, combined with all the features expected from a modern IM app. Repo
  • Element – Secure and independent communication, connected via Matrix. Repo
  • Session – An end-to-end encrypted messenger. Repo
  • Franz – Messaging app for WhatsApp, Slack, Telegram, HipChat, Hangouts and many many more. Repo
  • Hamsket – Free messaging and emailing app that combines common web applications into one.
  • Jitsi Meet – Free Jitsi Meet instance, provising state-of-the-art video conferencing. Repo
  • Revolt – User-first chat platform built with modern web technologies. Repo

Social Media

  • LBRY – A decentralized video sharing network. Repo
  • PeerTube – A free, decentralized and federated video platform. Repo
  • Glimesh – A next generation live streaming platform built by the community, for the community. Repo
  • Mastodon – Globally interconnected microblogging community. Repo
  • Lemmy – A link aggregator / Reddit clone for the fediverse. Repo
  • WriteFreely – A clean, simple publishing platform made for writers. Repo

Downloader

  • Streamlink – A CLI utility which pipes video streams from various services into a video player. Repo
  • youtube-dl – Command-line program to download videos from YouTube.com and other video sites. Repo
  • YT-DLP – A youtube-dl fork with additional features and fixes.
  • You-Get – A tiny command-line utility to download media contents (videos, audios, images) from the Web. Repo
  • Lux – A fast and simple video downloader built with Go.
  • Open Video Downloader – A cross-platform GUI for youtube-dl made in Electron and node.js.
  • Tartube – A GUI front-end for youtube-dl.
  • Hitomi Downloader – Desktop utility to download images/videos/music/text from various websites, and more.
  • Video Downloader – A video and channel downloader that supports 110 websites.
  • YoutubeDownloader – An application that lets you download videos from YouTube.
  • qBittorrent – qBittorrent aims to be a good alternative to all other bittorrent clients out there. Repo
  • Transmission – A fast, easy, and free BitTorrent client. Repo
  • PicoTorrent – A tiny and minimal BitTorrent client. Repo
  • WebTorrent – The streaming torrent app. Repo
  • Instant.io – Streaming file transfer over WebTorrent (torrents on the web). Repo
  • Free Download Manager – A powerful modern download accelerator and organizer.
  • Motrix – A full-featured download manager. Repo
  • FireDM – A good open-source internet download manager.
  • JDownloader – A free, open-source download management tool.
  • XDM – Powerfull download accelerator and video downloader. Repo
  • Persepolis – A download manager & a GUI for Aria2. Repo
  • AriaNg-Native – A better aria2 desktop frontend than AriaNg, containing all features of AriaNg and more features for desktop. Repo
  • N_m3u8DL-CLI – A command line tool for downloading m3u8. Repo
  • Twitch Leecher – An extremely fast and easy to use Twitch VOD downloader.
  • SpotiFlyer – Kotlin Multiplatform Music Downloader ,supports Spotify, Youtube, Gaana, Jio-Saavn and SoundCloud.
  • HakuNeko – A cross-platform downloader for manga and anime from various websites. Repo
  • AllTube Download – Web GUI for youtube-dl. Repo
  • Ytmdl – A simple app to get songs from YouTube in mp3 format with artist name, album name etc from sources like iTunes, Spotify, LastFM, Deezer, Gaana etc. Repo

News and Books

News

Books

  • Okular – A universal document viewer. Microsoft Store
  • Sumatra PDF – A free PDF, eBook (ePub, Mobi), XPS, DjVu, CHM, Comic Book (CBZ and CBR) viewer. Repo
  • Sioyek – A PDF viewer designed for reading research papers and technical books. Repo
  • calibre – An e-book manager. Repo
  • Koodo Reader – A modern ebook manager and reader. Repo
  • Libation – Audible audiobook manager.
  • AudiobookSuite – A WPF application with the goal of providing an easy to use local audiobook library and player for modern Windows systems.
  • Thorium Reader – The best free reading application for EPUB, PDF and DAISY 3 ebooks, audiobooks and digital comics. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • YACReader – Yet another comic reader. Repo
  • Sigil – A multi-platform EPUB ebook editor.
  • PDF Arranger – Small python-gtk application, which helps the user to merge or split pdf documents and rotate, crop and rearrange their pages using an interactive and intuitive graphical interface.
  • PDFsam – A desktop application to extract pages, split, merge, mix and rotate PDF files. Repo
  • Kiwix – An offline reader for online content like Wikipedia, Project Gutenberg, or TED Talks. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • ZLibrary – The world's largest ebook library.
  • Sci-Hub – A shadow library website that provides free access to millions of research papers and books.
  • Library Genesis – A file-sharing based shadow library website.
  • Project Gutenberg – A library of over 60,000 free eBooks.
  • Open Library – An open, editable library catalog.
  • Internet Archive – A non-profit library of millions of free books, movies, software, music, websites, and more.
  • Mind Expanding Books – Books everyone should read! Repo
  • Books – Awesome Book Lists.

Games

  • itch.io – An online game marketplace and community. Repo
  • GOG GALAXY – Truly gamer friendly, DRM-free online gaming platform.
  • Playnite – An open source video game library manager and launcher with support for 3rd party libraries like Steam, GOG, Origin, Battle.net and Uplay. Repo
  • RetroArch – A frontend for emulators, game engines and media players. Repo
  • Minetest – An open source voxel game engine. Repo
  • Warzone 2100 – A ground-breaking and innovative 3D real-time strategy game. Repo
  • 0 A.D. – A free, open-source game of ancient warfare.
  • Widelands – A free, open source real-time strategy game with singleplayer campaigns and a multiplayer mode. Repo
  • Mindustry – A sandbox tower defense game written in Java. Repo
  • Wesnoth – An open source, turn-based strategy game with a high fantasy theme. Repo
  • Cataclysm: Dark Days Ahead – A turn-based survival game set in a post-apocalyptic world. Repo
  • Thrive – A free, open-source game about the evolution of life. Repo
  • Unciv – Open-source Android/Desktop remake of Civ V.
  • SuperTuxKart – A free kart racing game. Repo
  • Xonotic – An addictive, arena-style first person shooter with crisp movement and a wide array of weapons.
  • FlightGear – An open-source flight simulator.
  • Rigs of Rods – An open-source soft-body vehicle simulator. Repo
  • Endless Sky – A space exploration and combat game similar to Escape Velocity. Repo
  • osu! – A free-to-win rhythm game. Rhythm is just a click away! Repo
  • Lichess – The complete chess experience, play and compete with friends and others around the world. Repo
  • OpenTDD – OpenTTD is a business simulation game in which players try to earn money by transporting passengers and freight via road, rail, water and air. Repo

File Management

  • 7-Zip – A file archiver with a high compression ratio.
  • NanaZip – The 7-Zip derivative intended for the modern Windows experience. Microsoft Store
  • PeaZip – A free file manager and file archiver. Repo
  • Files – A modern file manager. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • Xplorer – A customizable, modern and cross-platform File Explorer. Repo
  • Double Commander – A free cross platform open source file manager with two panels side by side. Repo
  • Sigma File Manager – A free, open-source, quickly evolving, modern file manager app.
  • Far Manager – A program for managing files and archives in Windows operating systems. Repo
  • Czkawka – Multi functional app to find duplicates, empty folders, similar images etc.
  • dupeGuru – A cross-platform GUI tool to find duplicate files in a system. Repo
  • Video Duplicate Finder – A cross-platform software to find duplicated video (and image) files on hard disk based on similiarity.
  • Ant Renamer – A free program that makes easier the renaming of lots of files and folders by using specified settings.
  • File Renamer Diff – A File Renamer App featuring a difference display before and after the change for Windows. Microsoft Store
  • WinMerge – An Open Source differencing and merging tool for Windows. Repo
  • Pandoc – Universal markup converter. Repo
  • File Converter – A very simple tool which allows you to convert and compress one or several file(s) using the context menu of windows explorer. Repo
  • Dangerzone – Take potentially dangerous PDFs, office documents, or images and convert them to a safe PDF. Repo
  • Convertio – Easy tool to convert files online.

Backup and Sync

  • Nextcloud – A suite of client-server software for creating and using file hosting services. Repo
  • MEGA – A secure, user-controlled end-to-end encrypted cloud storage and communications service with 20 GB free storage space. Repo
  • Sync – A file storage and document collaboration platform.
  • Tresorit – Tresorit is the ultra-secure place in the cloud to store, sync, and share files within your organization and with external partners.
  • Internxt Drive – A zero-knowledge cloud storage service based on best-in-class privacy and security. Repo
  • Rclone – A command-line program to sync files and directories to and from different cloud storage providers. Repo
  • Duplicati – Store securely encrypted backups in the cloud!
  • Kopia – A simple, cross-platform tool for managing encrypted backups in the cloud. Repo
  • restic – Fast, secure, efficient backup program. Repo
  • Duplicacy – A new generation cloud backup tool. Repo
  • Syncthing – A continuous file synchronization program. Repo
  • Cyberduck – A libre FTP, SFTP, WebDAV, S3, Backblaze B2, Azure & OpenStack Swift browser. Repo
  • Ludusavi – A tool for backing up your PC video game save data.
  • ChoEazyCopy – Simple and powerful RoboCopy GUI.
  • Ultracopier – Ultracopier acts as a replacement for files copy dialogs. Repo

File Sharing

  • WinSCP – A popular free SFTP and FTP client for Windows. Repo
  • OpenSSH – Windows Optional Features. OpenSSH is a complete implementation of the SSH protocol (version 2) for secure remote login, command execution and file transfer.
  • SFTPGo – Fully featured and highly configurable SFTP server with optional HTTP/S, FTP/S and WebDAV support.
  • LANDrop – A cross-platform tool that you can use to conveniently transfer photos, videos, and other types of files to other devices on the same local network. Repo
  • Sharik – An open-source, cross-platform solution for sharing files via Wi-Fi or Mobile Hotspot. Microsoft Store
  • Winpinator – Send and receive files across a local network. Repo
  • Flying Carpet – Wireless, encrypted file transfer over automatically configured ad hoc networking.
  • miniserve – A CLI tool to serve files and dirs over HTTP.
  • OnionShare – An open source tool that lets you securely and anonymously share files, host websites, and chat with friends using the Tor network. Repo
  • croc – A CLI file-transfer tool. Repo
  • Magic Wormhole – Get things from one computer to another, safely.
  • Rymdport – A GUI for the Magic Wormhole.
  • Tresorit Send – Send big files up to 5 GB securely.
  • Send – Simple, private file sharing. Repo
  • Disroot Upload – Anonymous file sharing services with temporary storage.
  • FileSend – Simple, encrypted file sharing.
  • SwissTransfer – Send files up to 50 GB free of charge.
  • pic.infini – A free and anonymous image hosting service.
  • Snapdrop – A Progressive Web App for local file sharing. Repo
  • ShareDrop – Easy P2P file transfer powered by WebRTC. Repo
  • FilePizza – Peer-to-peer file transfers in your browser. Repo
  • Blaze – A P2P file sharing web app. Repo
  • Wormhole – Simple, private file sharing.
  • libcimbar – Optimized implementation for color-icon-matrix barcodes. Repo
  • I2P – The Invisible Internet Project (I2P) is a fully encrypted private network layer.
  • Freenet – A peer-to-peer platform for censorship-resistant and privacy-respecting publishing and communication.
  • IPFS – A peer-to-peer hypermedia protocol to make the web faster, safer, and more open. Repo

Productivity

Office

  • LibreOffice – A free and powerful office suite.
  • Google Docs – Free online document editor.
  • Microsoft Office Online – Collaborate for free with online versions of Microsoft Word, PowerPoint, Excel, and OneNote.
  • CryptPad – A collaboration suite that is end-to-end-encrypted and open-source. Repo
  • Grist – A modern relational spreadsheet. Repo
  • Sozi – A presentation tool for SVG documents. Repo

Note Taking

  • Joplin – A free, open source note taking and to-do application, which can handle a large number of notes organised into notebooks. Repo
  • Standard Notes – A free, open-source, and completely encrypted notes app. Repo
  • Cryptee – A privacy focused, encrypted and secure documents, notes, files and photos service. Repo
  • SilentNotes – A simple note taking app which respects your privacy. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • Simplenote – The simplest way to keep notes. Microsoft Store
  • Trilium Notes – A hierarchical note taking application with focus on building large personal knowledge bases.
  • Logseq – A privacy-first, open-source platform for knowledge management and collaboration. Repo
  • Zettlr – A Markdown Editor for the 21st century. Repo
  • AppFlowy – An open-source alternative to Notion. Repo
  • Foam – A personal knowledge management and sharing system for VSCode. Repo
  • Athens – An open-source knowledge graph that helps individuals and organizations solve complex problems by enabling them to capture, compose, and recombine ideas. Repo
  • QOwnNotes – A plain-text file notepad and todo-list manager with markdown support and Nextcloud / ownCloud integration. Repo
  • Obsidian – A powerful knowledge base on top of a local folder of plain text Markdown files.
  • Mini Diary – Simple and secure journal app.
  • linked – Daily journaling without distraction. Repo
  • RedNotebook – A modern desktop journal. Repo
  • Leaflet – POSP official notes application, written in flutter, beautiful, fast and secure. Repo
  • Lorien – An infinite canvas drawing/note-taking app that is focused on performance, small savefiles and simplicity.
  • Xournal++ – A handwriting notetaking software with PDF annotation support. Repo
  • Microsoft Journal – A notetaking application that focuses on the inking experience.

Writing Tools

  • Manuskript – A open-source tool for writers. Repo
  • bibisco – An open source application for writing novels. Repo
  • novelWriter – An open source plain text editor designed for writing novels. Repo
  • ghostwriter – A cross-platform, aesthetic, distraction-free Markdown editor.
  • KIT Scenarist – Simple and powerful application for writing screenplays. Repo

Markdown Editors

  • MarkText – A simple and elegant markdown editor. Repo
  • Abricotine – Markdown editor with inline preview. Repo
  • PanWriter – Markdown editor with pandoc integration and paginated preview. Repo
  • StackEdit – In-browser Markdown editor. Repo
  • Dillinger – A cloud-enabled, mobile-ready, offline-storage compatible, AngularJS-powered HTML5 Markdown editor. Repo

Task Management

Time Tracking

  • ActivityWatch – The best free and open-source automated time tracker. Repo
  • Strategr – No-Fuss Time Management App. Repo
  • Tockler – An application that tracks your time by monitoring your active window title and idle time. Repo
  • Nomie – Open-source mood and life tracking. Repo
  • Habitica – A habit tracker app which treats your goals like a Role Playing Game. Repo

Clipboard Managers

  • Ditto – An extension to the standard windows clipboard. Microsoft Store
  • CopyQ – An advanced clipboard manager with powerful editing and scripting features. Repo
  • Clipboard Canvas – A tool that helps you be productive, preview multiple files on Infinite Canvas, save storage space with smart Reference Files, and work uninterruptibly with Autopaste. Microsoft Store
  • XClipper – A clipboard manager for Windows & Android which helps to track clipboard activities and makes it easier to interact with them. Repo
  • Everything – Locate files and folders by name instantly.
  • EverythingToolbar – Everything integration for the Windows taskbar.
  • Orange – A cross-platform desktop application for searching local files. Repo
  • ueli – A keystroke launcher for Windows and macOS. Repo
  • Flow launcher – Quick file search & app launcher for Windows with community-made plugins. Repo
  • Cerebro – Open-source productivity booster with a brain. Repo
  • Pinpoint – Keystroke launcher and productivity tool.
  • SystemTrayMenu – Browse and open your files easily. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • grepWin – A powerful and fast search tool using regular expressions. Repo
  • dnGrep – dnGrep allows you to search across files with easy-to-read results. Repo

Mind Mapping

  • drawio-desktop – An open source technology stack for building diagramming applications. Repo
  • draw.io – Free online diagram software.
  • Heimer – A simple cross-platform mind map, diagram, and note-taking tool written in Qt.
  • My Mind – A web application for creating and managing Mind maps. Repo
  • mindmaps – An open source, offline capable, mind mapping application leveraging HTML5 technologies. Repo
  • Wireflow – Flow chart collaboration app. Repo
  • ASCIIFlow – A client-side only web based application for drawing ASCII diagrams. Repo

Automation

  • espanso – A cross-platform Text Expander written in Rust. Repo
  • Beeftext – A text snippet tool for Windows. Repo
  • AutoHotkey – A free, open source macro-creation and automation software utility that allows users to automate repetitive tasks. Repo
  • SikuliX – SikuliX automates anything you see on the screen of your desktop computer running Windows, Mac or some Linux/Unix. Repo
  • Power Automate – Power Automate allows you to automate web and desktop applications on your Windows desktop by mimicking the user interface actions like clicks, and keyboard input.
  • AutoActions – Application-based actions to change Windows settings (display, audio) or run any program or action.
  • Macro Deck – A open source software to use your smartphone, tablet or almost any touch screen device with a internet browser as a simple macro pad or even as an powerful automation solution for streaming, gaming, content creation and more. Repo
  • Mouse Jiggler – A very simple piece of software whose sole function is to “fake” mouse input to Windows, and jiggle the mouse pointer back and forth.
  • Shutdown Timer Classic – Pick a time and let your computer shutdown itself. Microsoft Store

Others

  • Scribus – An open source desktop publishing software.
  • TeXstudio – A fully featured LaTeX editor. Repo
  • TagSpaces – An offline, open source, document manager with tagging support. Repo
  • Knowledge Canvas – With Knowledge Canvas, you can import almost any digital resource and use it to build your own personal Knowledge Base.
  • Paperwork – Paperwork is a personal document manager. It manages scanned documents and PDFs. Repo
  • Datawrapper – An open source tool helping everyone to create simple, correct and embeddable charts in minutes.
  • RAWGraphs – An open web tool to create custom vector-based visualizations on top of the amazing d3.js library.
  • Reactive Resume – A free and open source resume builder. Repo
  • Resumake – A website for automatically generating elegant LaTeX resumes. Repo
  • Phone Link – Link your Android phone and PC to view and reply to text messages, make and receive calls, view your notifications, and more.
  • KDE Connect – Enabling communication between all your devices. Microsoft Store
  • QuickLook – Bring macOS “Quick Look” feature to Windows. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • DropPoint – Make drag-and-drop easier using DropPoint. Repo

Health and Fitness

  • UBPM – Manage your blood pressure data on Windows/Linux/macOS.
  • Ambie – The best white noise app on Windows. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • f.lux – f.lux warms up your screen at night to help you relax and wind down before bed. Microsoft Store
  • LightBulb – An application that reduces eyestrain produced by staring at a computer screen when working late hours.
  • Eyes Guard – A Windows application for protecting your eyes when you are working with your PC or Laptop. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • Workrave – A free program that assists in the recovery and prevention of Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI).
  • Pomatez – An open-source Pomodoro timer application aimed for simplicity and productivity. Repo
  • Pomotroid – Simple and visually-pleasing Pomodoro timer. Repo
  • Stretchly – The break time reminder app. Repo
  • QMapShack – An intuitive and efficient tool for route planning and GPS recordings visualization.
  • OpenStreetMap – A collaborative project to create a free editable map of the world.

Personal Finance

  • Budget Badger – A simple Personal Budgeting cross-platform app built on top of Xamarin.Forms. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • Money – Personal Expense Manager. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • My Budget – Free, open source offline cross-platform budgeting solution built with Electron.
  • Money Manager Ex – A free, open-source, cross-platform, easy-to-use personal finance software. Repo
  • GnuCash – A personal and small-business finance manager. Repo
  • KMyMoney – A cross-platform personal finance manager.
  • grocy – A web-based self-hosted groceries & household management solution for your home. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • Frappe Books – Free Desktop book-keeping software for small businesses and freelancers. Repo
  • CryptoTracker – Simple yet powerful cryptocurrency portfolio tracker designed with simplicity and functionality in mind. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • rotki – A portfolio tracking, analytics, accounting and tax reporting application that protects your privacy. Repo

Education

  • LanguageTool – Checks your writing in more than 20 languages. Repo
  • Crow Translate – A simple and lightweight translator. Repo
  • DeepL Translator – A neural machine translation service.
  • Lingva Translate – Alternative front-end for Google Translate. Repo
  • Zotero – A free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, cite, and share your research sources. Repo
  • JabRef – An open-source, cross-platform citation and reference management tool. Repo
  • Qiqqa – A free research and reference manager. Repo
  • GCompris – A high quality educational software suite. Microsoft Store
  • Scratch – With Scratch, you can program your own interactive stories, games, and animations. Microsoft Store
  • Stellarium – A free open source planetarium for your computer. Repo
  • Celestia – Real-time 3D visualization of space. Repo
  • Avogadro – An advanced molecular editor designed for cross-platform use in computational chemistry, molecular modeling, bioinformatics, materials science, and related areas. Repo
  • Anki – Powerful, intelligent flash cards. Repo
  • Tabby– Simple timetable desktop app to track your school schedule.
  • Qalculate! – A multi-purpose cross-platform desktop calculator. Repo
  • Orange Data Mining – A data mining and visualization toolbox for novice and expert alike. Repo
  • GeoGebra – Free digital tools for class activities, graphing, geometry, collaborative whiteboard and more.
  • Gramps – Research, organize and share your family tree with Gramps.
  • Scilab – Open source software for numerical computation.
  • GNU Octave – A programming language for scientific computing.
  • BOINC – Open-source software for volunteer computing and grid computing. Repo
  • ZoteroBib – ZoteroBib helps you build a bibliography instantly from any computer or device.
  • edX – Free online courses by Harvard, MIT.
  • Khan Academy – A personalized learning resource for all ages.
  • Coursera – Free and paid courses on a wide variety of subjects from scholastic to technical and more.

Personalization

Network and Admin

Virtualization

  • Docker – Enterprise-focused container platform for building, sharing, and running any application. Repo
  • Hyper-V – Hyper-V is Microsoft's hardware virtualization product.
  • VirtualBox – A powerful x86 and AMD64/Intel64 virtualization product for enterprise as well as home use.
  • WSL – Windows Subsystem for Linux.
  • WSA – Windows Subsystem for Android.
  • wsa_pacman – A GUI package manager and package installer for Windows Subsystem for Android.
  • Magisk on WSA – Integrate Magisk root and Google Apps (OpenGApps) into WSA (Windows Subsystem for Android).
  • Windows Sandbox – Windows Sandbox provides a lightweight desktop environment to safely run applications in isolation.
  • Sandboxie – A sandbox-based isolation software for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows NT-based operating systems. Repo

Remote Desktop

  • Chrome Remote Desktop – The easy way to remotely connect with your home or work computer, or share your screen with others.
  • DWService – Remotely access your devices from a Web browser.
  • AnyDesk – Your Remote Desktop Software for Windows.
  • Quick Assist – A new app in Windows 10 that enables you to receive or provide assistance over a remote connection.
  • scrcpy – Display and control your Android device.
  • QtScrcpy – Android real-time display control software.
  • Microsoft Remote Desktop – Use the Microsoft Remote Desktop app to connect to a remote PC or virtual apps and desktops made available by your admin.
  • TightVNC – A free remote desktop application.
  • TigerVNC – A free remote desktop software server and client application. Repo
  • Weylus – Use your tablet as graphic tablet/touch screen on your computer.
  • Moonlight – An open source implementation of NVIDIA's GameStream. Repo
  • Sunshine – Host for Moonlight Streaming Client.
  • ZeroTier – A smart programmable Ethernet switch for planet Earth. Repo
  • Tailscale – A mesh VPN alternative that makes it easy to connect your devices. Repo
  • ScreenTask – Share your screen across local devices without internet. Repo
  • Deskreen – A desktop app that turns any device with a web browser into a secondary screen for your computer over WiFi. Repo
  • RustDesk – Yet another remote desktop software. Repo
  • Screego – Screego allows you to share your screen with good quality and low latency. Repo
  • PRemoteM – A modern personal remote session manager and launcher. Microsoft Store
  • mRemoteNG – An open source, multi-protocol, tabbed remote connections manager. Repo
  • Veyon – Cross-platform computer monitoring and classroom management. Repo

Network Monitors

  • Wireshark – The world’s foremost and widely-used network protocol analyzer.
  • GlassWire – A network security monitoring tool and analyzer.
  • Fiddler – A Web Debugging Proxy which logs all HTTP(S) traffic between your computer and the Internet.
  • NETworkManager – A powerful tool for managing networks and troubleshoot network problems. Repo
  • Angry IP Scanner – Fast and friendly network scanner. Repo
  • TrafficMonitor – A network monitoring suspension window software on Windows platform.
  • OpenNetMeter – A simple program to monitor your network/data usage.

Others

  • SwitchHosts – An App for managing hosts file. Repo
  • Wifinian – A Windows desktop tool to enable user to actively control Wi-Fi connections. Microsoft Store
  • LibreSpeed – This is a very lightweight Speedtest implemented in Javascript, using XMLHttpRequest and Web Workers. Repo

Development

  • Notepads – A modern, lightweight text editor with a minimalist design. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • Notepad++ – A free source code editor and Notepad replacement that supports several languages. Repo
  • Kate – A multi-document text editor. Microsoft Store
  • Lapce – Lightning-fast and Powerful Code Editor written in Rust. Repo
  • Visual Studio Code – A free, lightweight, and extensible code editor. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • VSCodium – A community-driven, freely-licensed binary distribution of Microsoft’s editor VS Code. Repo
  • Atom – The hackable text editor. Repo
  • DevToys – A Swiss Army knife for developers. Microsoft Store
  • Windows Terminal – A modern, fast, efficient, powerful, and productive terminal application for users of command-line tools and shells like Command Prompt, PowerShell, and WSL.
  • Fluent Terminal – A Terminal Emulator based on UWP and web technologies. Microsoft Store
  • PowerShell – A task-based command-line shell and scripting language built on .NET.
  • Tabby – A highly configurable terminal emulator, SSH and serial client. Repo
  • WindTerm – A professional cross-platform SSH/Sftp/Shell/Telnet/Serial terminal. Repo
  • adb – A programming tool used for the debugging of Android-based devices.
  • freeCodeCamp.org – Learn to code for free with millions of other people around the world. Repo
  • The Odin Project – An open-source curriculum for learning full-stack web development. Repo

Utilities

Package Managers

Disk Imaging

File Shredders

  • BleachBit – BleachBit cleans files to free disk space and to maintain privacy. Repo
  • Eraser – A secure data removal tool for Windows.
  • Permadelete – An easy to use and beautiful app for shredding files and folders permanently. Repo · Microsoft Store
  • Turbo Delete – A blazing fast alternative to the default Windows delete.

File Recovery

  • TestDisk – A powerful free data recovery software. Repo
  • Windows File Recovery – A command-line software utility from Microsoft to recover deleted files.
  • DMDE – A powerful tool for data searching, editing, and recovery on disks.

Disk Usage Analyzers

Hardware Monitoring

System Administration

  • Sysinternals Suite – A bundle of the Sysinternals utilities including Process Explorer, Process Monitor, Sysmon, Autoruns, ProcDump, all of the PsTools, and many more.
  • Process Hacker – A free, powerful, multi-purpose tool that helps you monitor system resources, debug software and detect malware. Repo
  • NSudo – A system management tool for advanced users to launch programs with full privileges. Repo

Window Managers

  • PowerToys – Windows system utilities to maximize productivity. Microsoft Store
  • workspacer – A tiling window manager for Windows. Repo
  • Amethyst Windows – Automatic tiling window manager for Windows 10/11. Repo
  • AltSnap – Easily drag windows when pressing the alt key.
  • SmartSystemMenu – SmartSystemMenu extends system menu of all windows in the system.
  • RBTray – RBTray allows almost any program to be minimized to the system tray by right clicking its minimize button.

Others

  • Driver Store Explorer – Driver Store Explorer [RAPR] makes it easier to deal with Windows driver store.
  • FontForge – Free (libre) font editor for Windows, Mac OS X and GNU+Linux. Repo
  • Plover – Open source stenotype engine. Repo
  • Screen Ruler – A lightweight and configurable ruler tool for Windows Desktop. Repo
  • Key'n'Stroke – Displays Keystrokes in an overlay window and visualize mouse clicks.
  • Ten Hands – Simplest way to organize and run command-line tasks. Repo
  • Nyrna – Suspend games and applications. Repo
  • Barrier – Open-source KVM software.
  • X-Mouse Controls – Windows utility to enable or disable active window tracking, raising and also the delay in milliseconds. Repo
  • SharpKeys – A utility that manages a Registry key that allows Windows to remap one key to any other key. Repo
  • OpenRGB – Open source RGB lighting control that doesn't depend on manufacturer software.
  • NVDA – The free and open source Screen Reader for Microsoft Windows.
  • Scanner – An all-in-one scanner app built for the Universal Windows Platform. Microsoft Store
  • WinCompose – A compose key for Windows. Repo
  • CompactGUI – Visual Interface for the Windows 10 Compact Function.
  • AltStore – An alternative app store for non-jailbroken iOS devices. Repo
  • Universal Android Debloater GUI – Cross-platform GUI written in Rust using ADB to debloat non-rooted android devices.

Privacy and Security

Encryption Tools

  • Bitlocker – A Microsoft Windows security and encryption feature.
  • VeraCrypt – Disk encryption with strong security based on TrueCrypt. Repo
  • Hat.sh – Encrypt and Decrypt files securely in your browser. Repo
  • Cryptomator – Multi-platform transparent client-side encryption of your files in the cloud. Repo
  • Boxcryptor – An easy-to-use encryption software optimized for the cloud.
  • Gnupg – A complete and free implementation of the OpenPGP standard as defined by PGP.
  • Age – A simple, modern and secure encryption tool. Repo
  • Picocrypt – A very small, very simple, yet very secure encryption tool. Repo
  • cppcryptfs – An implementation of the gocryptfs encrypted overlay filesystem in C++ for Windows.
  • SiriKali – A Qt/C++ GUI front end to sshfs, ecryptfs-simple, cryfs, gocryptfs, securefs, fscrypt and encfs. Repo
  • Kryptor – A simple, modern, and secure encryption and signing tool that aims to be a better version of age and Minisign. Repo
  • Minisign – A dead simple tool to sign files and verify digital signatures. Repo
  • Horcrux – Split your file into encrypted horcruxes so that you don't need to remember a passcode.
  • OpenStego – An open-source steganography tool. Repo
  • StegCloak – Hide secrets with invisible characters in plain text securely using passwords. Repo

Password Managers

System Tweakers

  • O&O ShutUp10++ – Free antispy tool for Windows 10 and 11.
  • Privatezilla – Performs a privacy & security check of Windows 10. Repo
  • ThisIsWin11 – ThisIsWin11 lets you customize Windows 11 all in one place.
  • Optimizer – The finest Windows Optimizer.

Firewall

  • Windows Defender Firewall – A stateful host firewall.
  • Simplewall – Simple tool to configure Windows Filtering Platform (WFP) which can configure network activity on your computer. Repo
  • Portmaster – Monitor all network activity. Repo

Others

  • Windows Security – Windows 10 and 11 include Windows Security, which provides the latest antivirus protection.
  • VirusTotal – Free online malware detection service for analyzing suspicious files and URLs.
  • ProtonVPN – High-speed Swiss VPN that safeguards your privacy. Repo
  • Windscribe – Free VPN and Ad Blocker. Repo
  • ExifCleaner – Cross-platform desktop GUI app to clean image metadata. Repo
  • Image Scrubber – This is a tool for anonymizing photographs taken at protests. Repo
  • Blacklight – A Real-Time Website Privacy Inspector.
  • Privacy Guides – Protect your data against global mass surveillance programs. Repo
  • PRISM Break – Privacy/security-oriented software recommendations. Repo
  • EFF – The leading nonprofit defending digital privacy, free speech, and innovation.
  • Awesome Privacy – List of free, open source and privacy respecting services and alternatives to privative services.
  • Personal Security Checklist – A curated checklist of 300+ tips for protecting digital security and privacy. Repo
  • Anonymous Planet – This is a maintained guide with the aim of providing an introduction to various online tracking techniques, online ID verification techniques, and detailed guidance to creating and maintaining (truly) anonymous online identities.

Online Services

Secret Sharing

  • PrivateBin – A minimalist, open source online pastebin where the server has zero knowledge of pasted data. Repo
  • Password Pusher – A dead-simple application to securely communicate passwords over the web. Repo
  • One-Time Secret – Keep sensitive info out of your email & chat logs. Repo
  • Yopass – Secure sharing of secrets, passwords and files. Repo

URL Shorteners

  • Kutt – A modern URL shortener with support for custom domains. Repo
  • anon.to – An anonymous URL redirector and shortener. Repo
  • Lstu – A nice and open source url shortener. Repo
  • ZWS – Shorten URLs using invisible spaces. Repo

Survey Tools

  • LimeSurvey – The most popular FOSS online survey tool on the web. Repo
  • Framaforms – Design your online surveys easily while respecting your audience.
  • Framadate – Schedule a meeting or create an opinion poll.

Search Engines

  • DuckDuckGo – The search engine that doesn't track you.
  • Searx – Privacy-respecting metasearch engine. Repo
  • Whoogle search – A self-hosted, ad-free, privacy-respecting metasearch engine. Repo

Others

  • fediverse.party – A quick look into Fediverse networks.
  • AlternativeTo – A website which lists alternatives to web-based software, desktop computer software, and mobile apps.
  • Product Hunt – A website that lets users share and discover new products.
  • Slant – A product recommendation community with the goal of making it effortless to find the best product, app or game for you.
  • Awesome Windows – An awesome & curated list of best applications and tools for Windows.
  • switching.software – Ethical, easy-to-use and privacy-conscious alternatives to well-known software.
  • Opensource.Builders – A website to find and request open-source alternatives to popular software you already use. Repo
  • Mostly Free Resources for Almost Everyone – A list of mostly free resources for almost anyone.
  • Awesome Piracy – A curated list of awesome warez and piracy links.
  • Piracy Index – This website is a collection of the best digital piracy resources. Repo
  • degoogle – A huge list of alternatives to Google products. Repo
  • Awesome-Selfhosted – A list of Free Software network services and web applications which can be hosted on your own servers.

References & Acknowledgements

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LICENSE

  • This article is under the CC0-1.0 license.
 
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from نویساک

از نوک انگشتان پا شروع می‌شود. بالا می‌آید، ساق پا و ران‌ها همه بی‌حس می‌شوند. به کمرم که می‌رسند احساس عجیب و خوشایندی دارد. گویی از تخت فاصله دارم. پوستم چیز مشخصی را حس نمی‌کند. بعد هم کمرم بی‌حس می‌شود و سپس شکم و پستان‌هایم و آخر سر، گردن و پوست سرم آرام می‌گیرد. لَخت و بی‌حرکت در جای خود می‌مانم. دوست داشتم تا ابد ادامه میداشت. یا شاید دقیقا به قلبم سرایت می‌کرد و آن تنها تلاش منظم زندگی را آرام می‌کرد.

پاها را درون شکمم می‌کشم و انگشتانم را میان موهایم می‌برم. گویی دنبال چیزی می‌گردم. بعد خاطره‌ی آن نوازش خاص را در ذهنم پخش می‌کنم. دقیقا آن حس را ندارد. دستان او بزرگ‌تر و گرم‌تر است. شلخته‌تر نوازش می‌کند. خاطره‌ی کوتاهی است زیرا من بلافاصله همانطور خوابم برده بود.

سپس انشتانم را رو شانه و گردنم می‌کشم. پایین‌تر می‌آیم. پوست نرمی دارم. از خودم می‌پرسم: او نیز متوجه شده بود؟ و خاطره را مرور می‌کنم. حس ناخن‌هایش را نیز به‌دقت به یاد دارم. هرگز کلامی وجود نداشت و این خاطره‌هایم را بی‌نظیر می‌کند.

بوسه؟ گمان می‌کنم تنها یک بوسه وجود داشت. آری تنها یک بوسه بود.

و تنها یک عبارت محبت‌آمیز گفت، آن هم در خواب و بیداری. بعید میدانم خودش به یاد آورد زیرا هرگز دیگر چیزی نشنیدم.

اما وعده‌های غذایی بسیاری داشتیم. حتا در کوتاه‌ترین دیدارها نیز چیزی می‌خوردیم یا می‌نوشیدیم. سلیقه‌ی او بهتر بود.

هربار می‌دانستم این دقیقا همان حسی است که باید در کنار کسی داشت. آسوده و سبک بودم.

 
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from Sickness

วันเกิดปีนี้ได้เจอแอลสักที หลังจากไม่ได้เจอกันนานมาก เรานัดเจอกันที่เซนเวิล ระหว่างที่รอแอลก็คือเดินตามหาชาตรามือเพราะอยากกินชาพีชมากๆๆ ในที่สุดก็เจอเนอะ เจอด้วยความบังเอิญเพราะแอลบอกว่าที่นี่ต้องมีเรพาะมีคนถือกินอยู่ เราก็นั่งเม้ามอยไปเรื่อย ชอบที่ได้คุยกับแอลเพราะรู้สึกสบายใจในการพูดคุยทุกเรื่อง สากกะเบือยันเรือรบของจริง ตั้งแต่เรื่องมัน เรื่องเรา สุขภาพ ธุรกิจ เพื่อนๆ ไปหมด คุยไปเรื่อยๆจนเริ่มเย็นละ เราก็เลือกร้านรอเอิร์นด้วย กิ๊กแวบมาแปปนึง สุดท้ายเราเลือกกับข้าวกับปลา ก็สั่ง ปลากะพงทอดน้ำปลา ปลาหมึกผัดไข่เค็ม กุ้งทอดซอสมะขาม หมูกรอบคั่วพริกเกลือ คุยไปเม้ามอยไปเรื่อย ก็เหมือนทำให้เราได้รู้จักเอิร์นมากขึ้นด้วย เพราะบางเรื่องเราไม่เคยถามเอิร์นเลย กลับมาดึกเพราะเป็นห่วงลูกๆ เนื่องจากเมื่อวานไปนอนห้องเอิร์นมา เพราะว่าสอนเอมี่ เย็นนั้นก็กินเยอะเหมือนกันนะ ไข่ดาวสองฟอง ข้าวกะเพราหมูสับซเว่น แล้วก็ผัดเห็ดหมูสับเต้าหู้ กินไม่หมดเลยบอกพี่หนิงให้เก็บไว้กินวันพฤหัส 55555 หลังจากนั้นรู้สึกปวดข้อเท้ามากๆ ข้างขวา (แต่ที่สะดุดข้างซ้ายนะ) สรุปก็ปวดสองข้าง ด้วยความไม่อยากไปหาหมอวันเกิด สอนเสร็จเลยเข้าไปหาหมอที่รพ สุขุมวิท หมอให้คำแนะนำดีมาก แต่ก็นะ ดูค่าหมอ 2000 จ้าา โหดแท้นะหมอนะ แต่ข้อเท้าแพลงนั่นแหละ เอ็นอักเสบ ตอนกลับไม่ได้บอกเอิร์นแล้วเผลอไปพูดให้เอิร์นรู้สึกไม่ดี เพราะไม่อยากให้เป็นห่วง เอิร์นเลยหายไปเลย กะว่าเข้าห้องมาเอิร์นต้องบ่นเรื่องขาแน่ๆ สรุป เอิร์นกลีบสี่ทุ่ม ดึกกว่าอีกกก เอิร์นก็เลยบอกว่าจะได้รู้ว่ารู็สึกยังไง ไม่บอกเป็นห่วงกว่าอีก โอเค ไม่ทำแล้วจ้าาาาาา พอถึงเที่ยงคืนเราเอิร์นก็ปลุกขึ้นมาแฮปปี้เบิร์ดเดย์ โถ ก็อุตส่าห์ปลุกมาเนาะ มีเค้กสามชิ้น ร้านทื่ส่งให้เอิร์นเอง พร้อมกับสร้อยข้อมือที่เอิร์นถักให้เอง ว้าวววววว เป็นเชือกสำหรับนักไต่เขาสักอย่าง สีดำแดง ใหญ่ๆเหมือนกัน เสร็จก็คือนอนต่อเพราะต้องตื่นเช้าไปดูห้องที่คอนโด เหนื่อยมากๆๆ

กลับมาที่คืนวันเกิด กลับมาก็คือทำความสะอาด ซักผ้า ตากผ้า ดูดฝุ่น ถูบ้าน เก็บขี้แมว เรียกเอิร์นขึ้นไปนอน แล้วดันนอนไม่หลับ ตอนตี1 เริ่มพะอืดพะอม ลมตี อ่ะก็ข่มนอนไป ตอนเช้าตื่นมา รีบทำไข่ตุ๋นให้เอิร์นกิน แต่รู้สึกเลยว่าไม่มีแรง ไม่หิว หน้ามืด เวียนหัว ก็เลยพยายามนอน สรุป นอนไม่ได้ จะอ้วกตลอด ทั้งวันอ้วกไป 7 รอบ ตอนเช้าอ้วกไปนิดนึง กินไรก็อ้วก กินไม่ลง ได้แต่นอนถึงบ่าย ตื่นมาลองกินก็อ้วก กินน้ำเปล่ราก็อ้วก คุยกับเอิร์นพอดี เอิร์นเลยรีบกลับมาบ้านมาดู เลยไล่เอิร์นไปจัดการพาแมวไปฉีดยาก่อน แล้วค่อยมาดู เอิร์นก็ซื้อเกลือแร่มาให้ อ้วกอีก อ้วกจนมีแต่น้ำย่อย น้ำเปล่าก็อ้วก จนม้ากลับมาจากเที่ยวตกใจเพราะนึกว่าไปสอน สรุปนอนอยู่บ้าน ตอนดึกๆเริ่มไม่ไหวแล้วจริงๆก็เลยไปนอนรพ พญาไท 3 ให้น้ำเกลือ หมอบอกว่าน่าจะอาหารเป็นพิษ ลำไส้อักเสบ อ่ะจัดไป การแอดมิดครั้งแรกที่ไม่ใช่ผ่าตัดจ้า

แจ็กพ็อตมาก ได้ห้องเด็กเพราะห้องผู้ใหญ่เต็มแล้ว เข้าไปได้ธีมเต่าทะเล พร้อมถังขยะแปะสติกเกอร์เป็นตัวการ์ตูนต่างๆ น่าร้ากกกกก ก่อนจะเข้าห้องก็ต้องตรวจ swab covid ไป อย่างเจ็บ ทั้งคอทั้งจมูก แต่อ่ะรอดไม่เป็นอะไร คืนนั้นก็คือน่าจะเหนื่อยมาก น้ำเกลือคือให้ไปถุงนึง พร้อมยาแก้อาเจียน ตอนเช้ายังปวดหัว มึนหัว แต่ไม่ได้หน้ามืด หมอบอกอาจจะอาเจียนหนักมาก เลยมีอาการ อ่ะพักไป นอนไปอีกวัน วันนั้นก็ยังมึนๆ เดินทรงตัไม่ได้ กินได้บ้าง ไม่ได้บ้าง ส่วนใหญ่มื้อเย็นจะกินไม่ลง แต่ไม่ได้ินอาหารรพ นะ เพราะว่าประหยัดค่าใช้จ่ายไป ค่าอาหารมันแพง วันแรกผ่านไปโอเค วันที่สอง หมอมาตรวจใหม่ บอกยังปวดหัว เวียนหัว เดินเซๆอยู่ หมอบอกโอเคถ้าไม่ดีขึ้นต้องให้หมอทางประสาทมาดูแล้ว แต่วันนั้นผ่านไปด้วยดี คิดว่าโอเค พรุ่งนี้ได้กลับละ สรุปตื่นมา หมอกระเพาะบอกโอเคกลับบ้านได้ ถ้ามีอาการเวียนหัวนิดหน่อย ดูโอเคแล้ว ตกบ่าย อ่าวปวดหัวอีกละ เลยบอกขอแอดมิดอีกคืนนะ เพราะกลัวกลับบ้านไปไม่ไหวต้องมาใหม่ วันนั้นเลยถูกส่งหมอกายภาพมา หมอบอกตึงมากกก คอบ่าไหล่ตึงมาก ทนมาได้ไง เลยอัลตร้าซาวพร้อมประคบเย็น (มันดีมาก เป็นแผ่นเจลยาวๆประคบพันคอเลยทีเดียว) หมอบอกโอเค ต้องยืดกล้ามเนื้อบ้างเพราะตึงมากจริงๆ คืนนั้นเอิร์นกลับบ้านไปเก็บของ ม้าเลยมานอนเฝ้าแทน แต่เอิร์นก็รีบมาตอนตี1 กว่าแล้ว อ่ะ เช้ามา อาการดีขึ้นละ แต่เสือกหูอื้อ แบบเสียงตัวเองก้องในหัวตลอดเวลา หมอแกเลยส่งไปหาหมอหูคอจมูกเลย คราวนี้ลองตรวจ อ่ะหูมีขี้หูนิดหน่อย หมอแกดูดออกให้ละสองข้าง คราวนี้หมอบอกในหูมีสูญากาศ อาจจะเกิดจากอาเจียนหนัก เดี๋ยวขอดูจมูกก่อน สรุปจมูกบวมมาก หมอบอกโอเค จมูกบวมเพราะอ้วกหนัก เสร็จทำให้หูอื้อ แล้วนี่บวมมาก น่าจะบวมมาก่อนหน้านี้แล้ว เหมือนเกิดจากภูมิแพ้ ลองตรวจคอดู โอ้โห ต่อมทอนซิลบวม อักเสบเรื้อรังเชียว อ่ะ หมอพาไปส่องกล้องให้ดูเลย เอาเหม็นท่อนเหล็กบางๆแหย่เข้าไป ไม่เจ็บนะ ดห็นชัดเลย จมูกบวมระยะ 4 แนะนำให้ทำผ่าตัด แต่อันนี้กินยาได้ ลดไปสักระยะนึง ไปดูคอบ้าง ดูสิ นิ่วในทอนซิลเต็มเลย มันอักเสบเรื้อรัง แสดงว่าเจ็บคอบ่อยใช่มั้ย หมอเลยจัดมาเลย ยาฆ่าเชื้อ เพราะอักเสบเกิ้น หมอบอกแนะนำว่าถ้าอยากหายขาดให้เอาออก แต่หมอมีวิทยาการใหม่ ชื่อว่า intracapsular laser tonsillectomy เป็นการเลเซอร์ออกเฉพาะส่วนที่อักเสบ ไม่ได้ตัดทั้งต่อมเหมือนเมื่อก่อน เพราะอยากให้มีต่อมไว้ดักเชื้อก่อนลงปอด เป็นวิทยาการที่อเมริกาใช้กัน ในไทยมีหมอแกทำคนเดียว ให้ไปเสิชชื่อได้ แล้วก็มีแกทำคนเดียวจริงๆ แลอ้วเข้ารพเดียวด้วย ค่าใช้จ่ายพยาบาลบอก 180,000 +– 20% ค่าผ่าอย่างเดียวนะ ได้ยินแล้วจะเป็นลม เลยโทรไปปรึกษาแบงค์ แบงค์บอกก็ทำสิ ประกันน่าจะครอบคลุม ก็เลยบอกว่าไว้ก่อน หมอบอกค่อยมาทำหลังจากหายอันนี้ก่อน ยังทำไม่ได้ ถ้ามาหมอก็ยินดี ประกันเคลมได้แน่นอน เราก็อ่ะโอเค กลับห้องไปบอกป๊าม้า ม้าถึงกับปวดหัวกุมขมับ เสร็จตอนบ่ายๆหมอประสาทมาหา เช็คว่าทำไมยังเวียนหัวอยู่ ลองตรวจก็ไม่น่ามีปัญหาอะไร เอานิ้วจิ้มตาและจิ้มนิ้วหมอ หมอแกย้ายนิ้วไปเรื่อยๆ อ่ะปกติ แต่ถ้าไม่ดีขึ้นให้กลับมาหา เพราะปวดหัวเวียนหัวอาจจะบ้านหมุนหรือ ไมเกรน หรือ มีชั้นตะกอนในหู หรือน้ำในหูไม่เท่ากัน คิดว่ากินยาก่อนอาทิตนึง ถถ้าไม่ดีขึ้นเสาร์นี้กลับมาหาหมอ อาจจะต้องทำ ct scan / MRI เลย แต่นนี่ยังไม่เร่งด่วน อีกอย่างอาจจะเกินวงเงินประกัน ไว้ไปเคสหน้าจะดีกว่า อ่ะโอเค กลับบ้านไป กลับมาบ้านหัวยังหมุนเด้อ เวียนๆ เซ ทรงตัวไม่ได้ จนถึงเช้าจ้ะ เหนื่อยแท้ โชคดีประกัน AIA + ไทยประกันจ่ายครอบคลุม ตัดจากเอไอเอก่อนสี่หมื่นกว่า หลังจากนั้นไทยประกันจ่ายต่อ เหลือแค่ค่ายา 917 บาท รอดตัวไปจ้าาา

 
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from 1Te blog

Barátom és kollégám, Dr. Mary Talley Bowden nemrég tette fel ezt a fontos kérdést, amely a világjárvány idején sokakat zavarba ejtett: “Egy 5 éves korom óta barátom nem akar velem semmit sem kezdeni most a Covid nézeteim miatt. Tudom, hogy ezt mindannyian megtapasztaltuk már. @akheriaty meg tudod magyarázni a pszichopatológiát?”

Azt javaslom, hogy a szociálpszichológia két beszámolója – Matthias Desmet tömegalakítási elmélete és Rene Girard mimetikus fertőzéselmélete – segít megválaszolni ezt a kérdést. Ez a két elmélet nagymértékben hozzájárul a világjárvány során kialakuló néhány rejtélyesebb viselkedésforma magyarázatához.

Az első elmélet, a tömegalakítás, akkor került a nyilvánosság elé, amikor Robert Malone röviden összefoglalta Joe Rogan podcast-jében. Az internet felrobbant, ahogy az emberek többet akartak megtudni a koncepcióról. A Google technikai főnökei közbeléptek, hogy eltemessék az elméletről szóló információkat, amikor az emberek a “tömegalakításra” kerestek. Ez az interjú miatt Malone állandó Twitter-börtönbe került, Rogan-ra pedig dühösek lettek.

Desmet elmélete azonban az elmúlt száz évben felhalmozott szilárd társadalomelméleti és pszichológiai ismereteken alapul. Ahogy Desmet, a Genti Egyetem professzora leírja, a tömegalakítás feltételei között az emberek nem azért vesznek be egy narratívát, mert az igaz, hanem mert az bebetonoz egy társadalmi köteléket, amelyre nagy szükségük van.

A tömeg- (vagy közönség-) formálás egy társadalomban nagyon sajátos feltételek mellett alakul ki. Az első feltétel az, hogy az emberek a más emberekhez való kötődés hiányát, az értelmes társadalmi kötelékek hiányát tapasztalják. Gondoljunk csak a magány járványára, amelyet a bezárások csak súlyosbítottak. Az egyetlen kötődésünk virtuális volt, ami a valódi emberi kapcsolatok elszegényedett helyettesítője.

A második állapot az élet értelmének hiánya, ami közvetlenül következik a társadalmi hálózatokba – családi, szakmai, vallási stb. hálózatokba – való beágyazottság hiányából. Desmet ezzel kapcsolatban megemlíti, hogy a Gallup 2017-es felmérése szerint az emberek 40%-a teljesen értelmetlennek élte meg a munkáját, további 20% pedig arról számolt be, hogy a munkájának erős értelemhiánya van. Mindössze 13% találta értelmesnek a munkáját.

Más társadalomelméleti szakemberek Max Weber-től Emile Durkheim-ig dokumentálták ezt a társadalmi atomizálódás és a vallási dimenzió elvesztésének tendenciáját az elmúlt két évszázadban Nyugaton. A tömegalakítás előfordulása tehát a 19. és 20. században vált gyakoribbá, amikor az ember és a világ mechanisztikus szemlélete kezdett uralkodóvá válni.

A tömegképződés harmadik feltétele a népességben szabadon lebegő szorongás magas szintje. Nincs szükség tanulmányokra, diagramokra és grafikonokra – bár most már rengeteg van belőlük –, hogy ezt az állapotot a világjárvány idején világszerte bebizonyítsuk. A szabadon lebegő szorongás a félelem egy olyan formája, amely nem irányul egy konkrét tárgy vagy helyzet felé. Ha félek a kígyóktól, tudom, hogy mitől félek, és így tudom kezelni ezt azáltal, hogy nem megyek el az állatkert hüllőosztályára, és nem túrázom a sivatagban.

A szabadon lebegő szorongás, mint például a láthatatlan vírus által keltett szorongás, rendkívül elviselhetetlen, mert az embernek nincsenek eszközei arra, hogy szabályozza vagy kontrollálja. Az ebben az állapotban krónikusan megrekedt emberek kétségbeesetten keresnek valamilyen eszközt, amivel kiszabadulhatnak belőle. Tehetetlennek érzik magukat, mert nem tudják, hogy mit kerüljenek vagy mi elől meneküljenek, hogy ezt az ellenszenves lelkiállapotot kezelni tudják.

A negyedik állapot, amely az első háromból következik, a frusztráció és az agresszió magas szintje a lakosság körében. Ha az emberek úgy érzik, hogy szociálisan elszakadtak, hogy az életüknek nincs értelme vagy jelentősége (esetleg azért, mert nem tudnak dolgozni, vagy iskolába járni a bezártság körülményei között), hogy szabadon lebegő szorongás és pszichológiai szorongás gyötri őket, amelynek nincs egyértelmű oka, akkor frusztráltnak és dühösnek is fogják érezni magukat. És nehéz lesz tudni, hogy hová irányítsák ezt a dühöt, ezért az emberek olyan tárgyat keresnek, amelyhez szorongásukat és frusztrációjukat kapcsolhatják.

Ha ilyen körülmények között a tömegmédián keresztül egy olyan narratívát terjesztenek elő, amely a szorongás tárgyát jelzi, és stratégiát kínál e célpont kezelésére. Ez azonban nagyon veszélyes: az emberek feltűnően hajlandóak lesznek részt venni egy olyan stratégiában, amely a narratívában jelzett szorongás tárgyának kizárására vagy akár elpusztítására irányul.

Mivel sok ember kollektíven vesz részt ebben a stratégiában, egy újfajta társadalmi kötelék – egy új szolidaritás – jön létre. Az új társadalmi kötelék az embereket egy erősen averzív mentális állapotból szinte eufórikus megkönnyebbülésbe viszi, ami arra sarkallja őket, hogy részt vegyenek egy társadalmi tömeg kialakításában. Az emberek újra elkezdik érezni az összetartozást, és ezzel a válság egy része megoldódik. Az életnek ezzel a közös kötődéssel kezd értelmet adni, megoldva az értelem problémáját azáltal, hogy egyesülnek a szorongás tárgya ellen, ami egyben a frusztrációjuk és agressziójuk levezetését is lehetővé teszi. De a tömeg álszolidaritása így mindig egy megbélyegzett külső csoport ellen irányul; az övék a harag és az undor által bebetonozott közös kötelék.

Az emberek nem azért veszik be a narratívát, mert hisznek benne, még akkor is, ha az abszurddá válik, és nem áll kapcsolatban a tényekkel, hanem éppen azért, mert az olyan társadalmi köteléket teremt, amelyről nem akarnak lemondani. Mint a hipnózisban, látóterük túlzottan beszűkül, és kizárólag az elfogadott narratíva elemeire összpontosít. Lehet, hogy halványan tudatában vannak a járulékos károknak vagy az ellentmondó tényeknek, de ezeknek alig vagy egyáltalán nincs kognitív vagy érzelmi hatásuk – a bizonyítékok egyszerűen megszűnnek számítani.

Az új társadalmi tömeg haragja pontosan azok ellen az emberek ellen irányul, akik nem akarnak részt venni a tömegalakításban, akik elutasítják az új társadalmi kötelék alapját. Hónapokig, amikor az elnöktől kezdve a közegészségügyi tisztviselőkig magas rangú személyiségek panaszkodtak a “be nem oltottak világjárványa” miatt, világossá vált, hogy ki volt a kijelölt célpont: azok, akik elutasították a társadalmi távolságtartást, a maszk viselését, a védőoltást vagy más kovid intézkedéseket.

Az ezen intézkedések köré csoportosuló tömeg számára ezek rituális viselkedéssé válnak, amelyek megszilárdítják a társadalmi köteléket.

A rituáléban való részvétel, amely nélkülözi a pragmatikus előnyöket és áldozatot követel, azt bizonyítja, hogy a kollektíva magasabb rendű, mint az egyén. A lakosság ezen része számára nem számít, hogy az intézkedések abszurdak-e. Gondoljunk például arra, hogy egy étterembe maszkkal a fejünkön sétálunk be, és amint leülünk, azonnal levesszük.

Desmet kutatásai szerint a teljes népesség körülbelül 30%-a, jellemzően azok, akik temperamentumilag hajlamosak a hipnózisra, teljes mértékben elfogadják azt a narratívát, amely ezt a tömegalakítási folyamatot irányítja. További 40-50% nem fogadja el teljesen a narratívát, de nem is akar nyilvánosan ellenállni, és nem akarja magára vonni az igaz hívők 30%-os szegmensének elmarasztalását. A lakosság további 10-20%-a nem könnyen hipnotizálható, és továbbra is nagyon ellenáll a tömegformálás folyamatának, sőt, megpróbál ellenállni annak romboló túlkapásainak. Az egyén intelligenciaszintje nem korrelál azzal, hogy melyik csoportba kerül, bár néhány személyiségtényező valószínűleg igen.

A tömegbe tartozó egyének áthatolhatatlanok a racionális érvelésre, és ehelyett az élénk vizuális képekre reagálnak, beleértve a grafikonokon és diagramokon bemutatott számokat és statisztikákat, valamint a narratívában központi szerepet játszó üzenetek ismétlését. Desmet továbbá azt állítja, hogy – akárcsak a hipnotizált állapotban, ahol az ember érzéketlen lehet a fájdalomra, ami még az érzéstelenítés nélküli műtétet is lehetővé teszi – a tömegalakítás folyamatába belekerült valaki radikálisan érzéketlenné válik az élet egyéb fontos értékei iránt. Mindenféle javakat elvehetnek tőle, beleértve a szabadságát is, és ő alig vesz tudomást ezekről a veszteségekről és károkról.

Szélsőséges esetekben a tömegek képesek lesznek atrocitások elkövetésére, miközben azt hiszik, hogy szinte szakrális kötelességet teljesítenek a nagyobb jó érdekében. Ahogy Gustave Le Bon, az 1895-ben megjelent klasszikus mű, “A tömeg: A népszerű elme tanulmánya” című könyv szerzője rámutatott: ha az ébren lévők megpróbálják felébreszteni az alvajárókat, kezdetben kevés sikerrel fognak járni; azonban továbbra is békésen és erőszakmentesen kell próbálkozniuk, hogy megakadályozzák a legrosszabb kimeneteleket. Minden erőszakot ürügyként fognak felhasználni az agresszorok, hogy fokozzák üldözésüket és elnyomásukat. Ezért fontos, hogy továbbra is kimondjuk az igazságot és erőszakmentes ellenállást gyakoroljunk.

A tömegalakulás elmélete mellett a jelenség megértéséhez hasznosak a 20. század egyik legnagyobb gondolkodójának, Rene Girard stanfordi professzornak a mimetikus fertőzésről és a bűnbakképző mechanizmusról szóló meglátásai. Ez sok tekintetben kiegészíti a tömegképződési elméletet. Girard úgy látta, hogy nemcsak egymás viselkedését, hanem egymás vágyait is utánozzuk. Végül is ugyanazt (ugyanazokat) a dolgot (dolgokat) akarjuk, például: “Elsőnek kell beállnom a sorba a védőoltásért, ami lehetővé teszi, hogy visszakapjam az életemet”.

Ez mimetikus rivalizáláshoz vezethet, és növelheti a társadalmi feszültséget és konfliktust. Az a mechanizmus, amelyet a társadalmak e konfliktus feloldására használnak, a bűnbakképzés. A társadalmi feszültséget (amelyet a bezárások során és a félelemalapú propagandával felerősítenek) egy személynek vagy személycsoportnak tulajdonítják, azzal a javaslattal, hogy ha csak megszabadulunk a [töltse ki az üres mezőt “tisztátalan” társadalmi tag(ok)kal], akkor a társadalmi feszültség feloldódik.

A bűnbak (ebben az esetben az oltatlanok) száműzése vagy megsemmisítése hamisan azt ígéri, hogy a társadalom visszatér a harmonikus állapotba, és eloszlatja az erőszakos konfliktus veszélyét. Bár a bűnbakképzés némileg enyhíti a társadalmi feszültségeket, ez mindig csak átmeneti. A mimetikus rivalizálás folytatódik, a társadalmi feszültségek ismét felerősödnek, és újabb bűnbakot kell keresni (pl. most az ellenség az állítólagos dezinformációk terjesztői). A körforgás folytatódik.

Érdekes mellékes megjegyzésként Girard azt állította, hogy Krisztus keresztre feszítése leleplezte ezt a bűnbakképző mechanizmust, és egyúttal meg is szüntette annak hatalmát, mivel felfedte, hogy a bűnbak ártatlan áldozat – ezzel megfosztva a bűnbakképző mechanizmust ideiglenes hatalmától. A bűnbak áldozatának ártatlansága, a mimetikus fertőzés végső fázisa olyan lecke, amelyet még mindig nem tanultunk meg.

https://aaronkheriaty.substack.com/p/mass-formation-mimetic-contagion


 
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from manunkind

Forcing a fork of(f)/on myself?

if fork for human is possible: # for human and machine are on a continuum fork (me into multiple selves so my I is less me) # rizhomatically becoming plural else: forkbomb! # what's the :(){ :|:& };: for human?

 
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from 工人日记

根据《国务院办公厅关于2022年部分节假日安排的通知》,2022年劳动节放假安排如下: 4月30日至5月4日放假调休,共5天。 4月24日(星期日)、5月7日(星期六)上班。

 
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from 工人日记

因为整理做得太好(全靠同行衬托) 现在被迫成为本组的收纳达人 被问是军队转业吗(并不) 别组的真正军队转业人员之一:桌子上堆满,还可以再叠。

 
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from لونا

شرایط خوب نیست. مجبور ام یه مدت که معلوم نیست چقدر، دوباره همه چیز رو متوقف کنم. فعلا باید زندگی رو سر و سامون بدم.

امیدوار ام زود بتونم کنترل کنم همه چیز رو.

 
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from Amassando ideas

Hoy termina mi cuarta semana estudiando en la FCFM. Como prometí que haría, escribiré sobre mi experiencia y mis impresiones de la universidad. El post no está tan estructurado como otros artículos porque lo escribo con menor planificación.

Primeros días

El primer día amanecí antes de las 6AM. Estaba muy emocionado, en contraste con los días previos en los que no tenía ganas de nada. Ordené mis cosas y me dirigí a caminando a la facultad (afortunadamente vivo relativamente cerca).

Como me había levantado temprano, aproveché de pasear por la facultad. Me encantó el edificio antiguo de Beauchef y el patio que tenía adentro. El problema era que no encontraba la sala y llegué un poco tarde a mi primera clase. Tuve que haber intuido que la “G” como la primera letra del nombre de la sala era de “Geología”.

Cerca del mediodía tuve clase en el edificio nuevo. Me gustó el contraste entre ambos edificios aunque no me gustó tanto la idea de tener que salir de la facultad hacia la calle para luego volver a entrar.

En los días siguientes pasaron hartas cosas buenas pero tenía una ensalada de emociones. Conocí en persona a algunos compañeros de programación en el patio. También pude colarme en el DCC (Departamento de Ciencias de la Computación) y sentí que era mi lugar, como que pertenecía ahí. No obstante, me sentía algo irritado y con pocas ganas de esforzarme, lo que hizo que me atrasara en algunos ramos.

Tengo muchos problemas para concentrarme en clase. Mi cerebro se distrae fácilmente pensando en cualquier otra cosa. Últimamente he estado pensando mucho en mi propósito y en cómo aportar de la mejor manera al mundo con algo que me guste. Y parece bastante complicado.

Impresiones de los ramos

Tengo una carga académica normal (30 créditos), pero siento que me quita demasiado tiempo. A continuación los ramos que tomé para este semestre:

Cálculo Avanzado y Aplicaciones

Aquí vemos Cálculo vectorial, Variable Compleja, series de Fourier y ecuaciones en derivadas parciales. Parece que se aplica mucho en física, pero parece una excusa para aplicar lo que vimos en Cálculo en Varias Variables y en Ecuaciones Diferenciales Ordinarias.

Sobre mi desempeño en el ramo, no hemos tenido evaluaciones aún pero voy bastante atrasado y me cuesta entender la materia del apunte.

Inglés 4

Estas clases son como las que tenía en el instituto de idiomas, sólo que esta vez son con más gente. La profesora es chilena pero eso no es un problema para mí. Creo que el nivel que busca que obtengamos es B2 en todo excepto en escritura, pero no estoy completamente seguro.

Introducción a la Física Moderna

Aquí estudiamos ondas, sonido, relatividad, etc. El profesor es algo sarcástico y honestamente no aprendo mucho con él en clase. Afortunadamente los tests son fáciles y me ha ido muy bien en ellos.

Probabilidades y Estadística

El curso está dictado por un profesor que ganó el premio nacional en ciencias exactas. El profesor dio una motivadora primera clase explicando varios casos y situaciones que inspiraron la creación de distintas teorías de probabilidad. Sus clases se basan en copiar texto del pizarrón pero se toma el tiempo de explicar los conceptos. Quiere que preguntemos sobre nuestras dudas pero suele regañar a algun@s que lo hacen, ya sea porque el o la estudiante asume algo que no sale escrito o por otros motivos que no recuerdo. Aún así me cae muy bien.

Proyecto de innovación en Ingeniería y Ciencias

Tod@s parecen odiar este ramo, pero a mi me gusta la idea de aprender cómo aportar a la sociedad mediante la ingeniería. Uno de l@s profesores es muy agradable de escuchar, hace aportes entretenidos e interesantes.

Química

Tod@s parecen odiar este ramo también. Me tocó con un profesor francés y se le nota al hablar, pero eso me agrada. Lamentablemente me fue mal en la primera tarea, pero no sé por qué pues no he visto la corrección. Espero que me la den para la revisión, porque creo que merezco una mejor nota aunque no esté seguro.

Taller de Inducción a Competencias Docentes para Auxiliares

La docencia me llama la atención así que decidí pedirle al CAD que me inscribiera a este ramo para ser auxiliar. Me he imaginado siendo auxiliar de Intro al Álgebra y de Intro a la Progra. Lo malo es que es necesario ver vídeos de Youtube por EOL, lo que requiere descargar JavaScript privativo, por lo que le pedí a los profesores que enviaran los enlaces a los vídeos directamente para poder verlos desde Invidious.

 
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from لونا

نمی‌دونم این دیرکردها رو بذارم روی چه حسابی؟ آیا واقعا دلم می‌خواد خیلی جدی وارد این راه بشم یا مثل خیلی از تصمیمات دیگه فقط جوگیر شدم.

البته اینطور نیست که فراموش کنم که درس بخونم. بیشتر فرصت نمی‌کنم. این ده روز اخیر مشغول کار خودم بودم، خونه‌تکونی، عیددیدنی داشتم، و یه کتاب هم خوندم.

درس خوندن نیاز به فضای آروم داره که اصلا گیر نیومد. اما امروز از وقتی بیدار شدم، حداقل ۴ ساعت مفید مشغول این موضوع بودم.

امروز ساختار directory‌های لینوکس رو نگاه انداختم. به نظرم واقعا مبهم و پیچیده بود. و بعد از اینکه مرور و یادداشت می‌کردم و هزار بار جست‌وجو می‌کردم و سر درنمیاوردم، آخر به خودم گفتم: حتما بعدا که پیش برم دوباره برمیگردم بهشون.

به نظرم یادگیری یه فعالیت خطی نیست. نمیشه به چیزی مسلط شد، پرونده‌ش رو بست و رفت سراغ مرحله بعد. باید همیشه برگشت و چیزایی که فکر می‌کنیم یادگرفتیم رو مرور کنیم چون قطعا موضوعات تازه‌ای که یاد می‌گیریم، به فهم موضوعات قبلی کمک می‌کنه. (نمیدونم چقدر این باورم درسته).

بعد رفتم سراغ ls command و cd. بیشترش رو سعی کردم توی ترمینال خودم امتحان کنم. اونقدی که توی یادم بمونه.

دستور ls پیچیده‌تر بود. مجبور شدم خیلی قسمتای مبهم رو جست‌جو کنم.

برای هرکدوم بخش man رو هم یه نگاه می‌نداختم و اونایی که جذاب بودن رو امتحان می‌کردم. ولی گمونم لازمه کتاب این دستورها رو پرینت بگیرم و مث کتاب مقدس بذارم کنار دستم. چرا پی‌دی‌اف نه؟ چون من با کاغذ راحت‌‌تر ام. روی کاغذ راحت‌تر می‌تونم یادداست بردارم. و خطر کپی-پیست وجود نداره:).

و اینجا این کتاب رو پیدا کردم‌. واقعا پیدا کردنش خیلی شادم کرد. https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/manual/

متاسفانه آخراش خسته شدم و کتاب دبیان رو نخوندم. دارم همه‌ی تلاشم رو می‌کنم که برنامه‌ریزی پربازده رو پیدا کنم.

کتابی که دقیقا شب عید، عیدی گرفتم و خیلی زود خوندمش، حسابی کمکم کرده و دلم نمیاد معرفیش نکنم. برنامه‌ریزی به روش بولت ژورنال

میدونم شاید اسمش کمی زرد به نظر برسه، اما ظاهربین نباشید. کتاب بیشتر جنبه‌ی خودشناسی و خودکاوی داره. و شک ندارم یه بار خوندنش قطعا می‌ارزه.

سعی می‌کنم گزارش بعدی بهتر باشه. سعی می‌کنم زود به زود مطالعه کنم و گزارش بدم.

فعلا انگیزه کافی برای ادامه‌دادن دارم.

راستی! نوروزتون نو-روز باشه واقعا

 
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from mischk

Meinen ersten Kuss bekam ich von Manuela in der zweiten Klasse. Manuela war ziemlich dick und die anderen Kinder in der Schule hänselten sie dafür. Ich hatte kein Mitleid, aber ein großes Herz für die Unterdrückten (meine Eltern haben mich christlich erzogen). So wurde Manuela meine Freundin. Auf dem Schulweg gaben wir uns ein verschüchtertes Küßchen. Wir waren 8 Jahre alt und spielten Junge und Mädchen. Gemeinsam mit Ines und meiner Schwester beschlossen wir Manuela einen Streich zu spielen. Wir bauten aus einem Schuhkarton und Alufolie einen Home-Computer. Ein Bast-Untersetzer diente als Diskette. Wir erzählten Manuela, dass wir im Computerclub seien und dies sei der Computer. Komischerweise glaubte sie uns kein Wort. Obwohl unser Computer großartig war!

 
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from mischk

Die Erinnerungen verschwimmen, vermischen sich. Ein paar Bruchstücke bleiben, haben sich festgesetzt. Entsteht daraus ein Zusammenhang?

 
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